The Performance Analysis of a PV System with Battery-Supercapacitor Hybrid Energy Storage System

  • Adel A. Elbaset
  • Saad Awad Mohamed Abdelwahab
  • Hamed Anwer Ibrahim
  • Mohammed Abdelmowgoud Elsayed Eid


In remote areas, stand-alone PV systems are most common. A typical stand-alone system incorporates a PV panel, regulator, energy storage system, and load. Generally, the most common storage technology employed is the lead-acid battery because of its low cost and wide availability. PV panels are not an ideal source for battery charging; the output is unreliable and heavily dependent on weather conditions. Therefore, an optimum charge/discharge cycle cannot be guaranteed, resulting in a low battery SOC. Low battery SOC leads to sulfation and stratification, both of which shorten battery life. Batteries are commonly implemented in stand-alone PV power systems to fulfill the power mismatch between the PV power generation and the load demand. Generally, a battery would encounter frequent deep cycles and irregular charging pattern due to the varying output of PV and the intermittent high-power demand of the load. These operations would shorten the battery life span and increase the replacement cost of the battery [86, 87].


  1. 86.
    A.Q. Jakhrani, A.R.H. Rigit, A.-K. Othman, S.R. Samo, S.A. Kamboh, Life cycle cost analysis of a standalone PV system, in Green and Ubiquitous Technology (GUT), 2012 International Conference on, 2012, pp. 82–85Google Scholar
  2. 87.
    S.Y. Kan, M. Verwaal, H. Broekhuizen, The use of battery–capacitor combinations in photovoltaic powered products. J. Power Sources 162(2), 971–974 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 88.
    A.C. Baisden, A. Emadi, ADVISOR-based model of a battery and an ultra-capacitor energy source for hybrid electric vehicles. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 53(1), 199–205 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 89.
    H. Zhou, T. Bhattacharya, D. Tran, T.S.T. Siew, A.M. Khambadkone, Composite energy storage system involving battery and ultracapacitor with dynamic energy management in microgrid applications. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 26(3), 923–930 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 92.
    MathWorks, Implement generic supercapacitor model – Simulink. [Online]. Available: Accessed Jan 05 2019
  6. 90.
    M.E. Glavin, P.K.W. Chan, S. Armstrong, W.G. Hurley, A stand-alone photovoltaic supercapacitor battery hybrid energy storage system, in Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, 2008. EPE-PEMC 2008. 13th, 2008, pp. 1688–1695Google Scholar
  7. 91.
    R.A. Dougal, S. Liu, R.E. White, Power and life extension of battery-ultracapacitor hybrids. IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Technol. 25(1), 120–131 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 93.
    F. Garcia-Torres, C. Bordons, Optimal economical schedule of hydrogen-based microgrids with hybrid storage using model predictive control. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 62(8), 5195–5207 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 94.
    N. Mendis, K.M. Muttaqi, S. Perera, Active power management of a super capacitor-battery hybrid energy storage system for standalone operation of DFIG based wind turbines. Conf. Rec. – IAS Annu. Meet. IEEE Ind. Appl. Soc., 1–8 (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 63.
    L.W. Chong, Y.W. Wong, R.K. Rajkumar, D. Isa, Modelling and simulation of standalone PV systems with battery-supercapacitor hybrid energy storage system for a rural household. Energy Procedia 107(September 2016), 232–236 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 95.
    L.W. Chong, Y.W. Wong, R.K. Rajkumar, D. Isa, An optimal control strategy for standalone PV system with Battery- Supercapacitor Hybrid Energy Storage System. J. Power Sources 394, 35–49 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 96.
    E. Zhandire, Solar resource classification in South Africa using a new index. J. Energy South. Afr. 28(2), 61–70 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 97.
    M.I. Fahmi, R.K. Rajkumar, R. Arelhi, D. Isa, Study on the effect of supercapacitors in solar PV system for rural application in Malaysia, in Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), 2015 50th International Universities, 2015, pp. 1–5Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adel A. Elbaset
    • 1
  • Saad Awad Mohamed Abdelwahab
    • 2
  • Hamed Anwer Ibrahim
    • 2
  • Mohammed Abdelmowgoud Elsayed Eid
    • 2
  1. 1.Minia UniversityEl-MiniaEgypt
  2. 2.Suez UniversitySuezEgypt

Personalised recommendations