Modeling of Maximum Power Point Tracking for Stand-Alone PV Systems

  • Adel A. Elbaset
  • Saad Awad Mohamed Abdelwahab
  • Hamed Anwer Ibrahim
  • Mohammed Abdelmowgoud Elsayed Eid


The PV systems utilize semiconductor materials and electronic technology to convert the incident sunlight into electricity. At the heart of the PV system is the PV cell, a semiconductor material which generates electrical voltage and/or current when exposed to the solar irradiance. The PV cells generate electricity via the PV effect, in which semiconductor holes and electrons freed by photons from the incident solar irradiance are dragged to opposite terminals of the PV cell by the resulting electric field [6]. The PV cell generates a specified power according to its current-voltage (I-V) and power-voltage (P-V) characteristics. Thus, the PV cells must be aggregated together to produce enough current and voltage for practical applications. In this regard, a PV module is formed by connecting several PV cells in series; the PV modules are connected in series to form a PV string. The PV strings, in turn, are connected in parallel to form a PV array in order to generate adequate voltage and power to be integrated with the electrical grid.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adel A. Elbaset
    • 1
  • Saad Awad Mohamed Abdelwahab
    • 2
  • Hamed Anwer Ibrahim
    • 2
  • Mohammed Abdelmowgoud Elsayed Eid
    • 2
  1. 1.Minia UniversityEl-MiniaEgypt
  2. 2.Suez UniversitySuezEgypt

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