Process Values Heat and Work

  • Achim SchmidtEmail author


Over the previous chapters the internal state of a system has been described. A thermodynamic system can change its state and several possible changes of state have been discussed. For the further understanding it is essential to be familiar with the terms reversibility/irreversibility as well as with the idea of a quasi-static change of state. These approaches have been clarified in the previous Chaps.  7 and  8: By external impacts a system’s thermodynamic equilibrium can be disturbed and the system moves into a new balanced state.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fakultät Technik und InformatikHAW HamburgHamburgGermany

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