Equations of State

  • Achim SchmidtEmail author


Chapter  3 has shown, how to quantify the internal state of a system. Basically, a distinction has been made between thermal and caloric state values. Since not all state values can be measured directly, equations to calculate them are required. The Paddle Wheel experiment for instance, see Sect.  2.4.1, has shown, that the internal energy describes the energetic state of a fluid.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fakultät Technik und InformatikHAW HamburgHamburgGermany

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