Playground Politics Across the Life Span as a Public Health Crisis: Summarizing Bullying Prevalence, Effects, Cost, Possible Solutions, and Prevention Suggestions

  • Paul R. Smokowski
  • Caroline B. R. Evans


This final chapter serves as a review of the preceding 11 chapters. We discuss why bullying should be seen as a public health priority, if not a pandemic, based on prevalence, cost, and impact. This discussion offers additional insight into how forms of bullying and violence are interconnected and escalated by the presence of guns. We also provide information on interventions and possible ways of combatting bullying and violence across the life span.


Violence Bullying Interventions Prevention 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul R. Smokowski
    • 1
  • Caroline B. R. Evans
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Social WelfareUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA
  2. 2.Rhode Island CollegeProvidenceUSA

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