Playground Politics: How the Bullying Framework Can Be Applied to Multiple Forms of Violence

  • Paul R. Smokowski
  • Caroline B. R. Evans


This chapter provides an overview of the bullying dynamic and explains how other forms of violence (i.e., sibling violence, child maltreatment, teen dating violence, domestic violence, college hazing, workplace bullying, elder maltreatment, discrimination, and violence within and between larger organizations) can be understood through the framework of bullying. An in-depth discussion of the definition of bullying is provided, including a new and innovative definition. The complexities of the definition, including power imbalance and repetition, are discussed. An overview of different forms of bullying (e.g., physical, verbal, relational, electronic) and national and international prevalence rates is included.


Bullying Victimization Bystander Bullying prevalence Bullying definition 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul R. Smokowski
    • 1
  • Caroline B. R. Evans
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Social WelfareUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA
  2. 2.Rhode Island CollegeProvidenceUSA

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