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Risk Factors and Prevention in Light of Atherosclerosis Being a Microvascular Disease

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Abstract

Accumulating evidence demonstrates that dysfunctional microvasculature contributes to localized inflammation that precipitates site-specific plaque formation. Given the importance of the blood vessel wall microvasculature in atherosclerosis disease development, we examine how risk factors might contribute to both vasa vasorum and lymphatic dysfunction. In addition, we discuss how microcirculatory endothelium, even more than the parent vessel endothelium, is a likely beneficiary of current common preventative measures and therapies. Therefore, this chapter makes a strong case for impaired microcirculation being a unifying factor underlying many atherosclerosis risk factors.

Keywords

Atherosclerosis Microvasculature Vasa vasorum Microthrombosis Risk factors Endothelial regeneration Endothelial repair Neutrophil extracellular traps Platelet activation Microbiota Statins Exercise 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hannover Medical SchoolHannoverGermany

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