The availability of the genome sequence of globe artichoke and cultivated cardoon, and the development of physical maps in both taxa, have provided new opportunities to study genetic variation between varietal types to an unprecedented scale, thus contributing to dissect the path from sequence variation to phenotype. Furthermore, they have also provided new tools for performing phylogenetic studies within the Asteraceae family. However, genetic and genomic studies in Cynara cardunculus are just at the beginning. This chapter provides food for thought on which are the main problems to be addressed and the main objectives that should be pursued in the near future.
KeywordsBiotechnology Genetics Genomics Germplasm
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