West Africa

  • Klas RönnbäckEmail author
  • Oskar Broberg
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Economic History book series (PEHS)


In this chapter, we focus upon the return on investment in West Africa. Most of the companies in the sample operating in this region were engaged in operations on the Gold Coast (current-day Ghana) or in Nigeria. The sample exhibits a variety of different companies, including commercial and shipping companies, banks and mining companies. Similar to the other regional studies, in this chapter, we put our estimates into their historical context, drawing heavily on previous research in the field. We also contribute to the historiography of the region by providing evidence on the return on investment there, which generally has been lacking in previous research.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economy and SocietyUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden

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