Advertisement

Creating an Equitable Smart City

  • Catherine Crago Blanton
  • Walt Trybula
Chapter

Abstract

As smart technology becomes a pervasive part of our everyday lives—from what we wear to how we interact with our environment—cities have a big role to play in ensuring that it is applied to the public interest. While an ethical smart city seeks to create public awareness for issues ranging from the value of smart city solutions to privacy, it is critical that an equitable smart city ensures inclusion despite the different capabilities available to individual members of the city. This chapter covers thoughts and ideas on addressing the required inclusivity, the need for a minimum level of universal coverage, the ability to ensure commonality of understanding, and a means of providing a trusted service. Connectivity is a critical feature of the connected Smart City with significant discussions, so this topic is covered in greater detail.

Keywords

Autonomous technology Broadband infrastructure Internet of Things (IOT) Civil rights Digital inclusion Digital divide Underserved populations Equal access Affordable housing Diversity and inclusion Human services Equitable governance Economic mobility Data privacy Digital redlining 

References

  1. 1.
    Caird S, Hallett S (2018) Towards evaluation design for smart city development. J Urban Des 24(2):188–209.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13574809.2018.1469402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    National Digital Inclusion Alliance. https://www.digitalinclusion.org/
  3. 3.
    Lewis J, Severnin E (2017) Short- and long-run impacts of rural electrification: evidence from the historical rollout of the U.S. power grid. IZA Institute of Labor Economics, DP No. 11243. http://ftp.iza.org/dp11243.pdf
  4. 4.
    Fu H, Mou Y, Atkin D (2015) The impact of the telecommunications act of 1996 in the broadband age. Chapter 4 of Advances in Communications,Volume 8. A. Stavros, ed. ISBN: 978-1-61324-794-5. Nova Science Publishers, Inc.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
    Anderson M, Perrin A (2018) Nearly one-in-five teens can’t always finish their homework because of the digital divide. Pew Research Center, Washington, DC. https://pewrsr.ch/2JirZarGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    DePillis L (2017) Inequality among America’s seniors some of the worst in developed world. CNN Money. https://money.cnn.com/2017/10/18/news/economy/elderly-income-inequality-oecd/index.html
  8. 8.
    Smyth C (2019) Millions of patients to see hospital doctors by Skype under NHS plan. The London Times. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/millions-of-patients-to-see-doctor-by-skype-under-nhs-plan-jj9fwmlk6
  9. 9.
    Staffing Industry Analysts (2018) $864 billion in revenue generated from US gig work. https://www2.staffingindustry.com/site/Editorial/Daily-News/864-billion-in-revenue-generated-from-US-gig-work-SIA-47628
  10. 10.
    Farrell D, Greig F, Hamoudi A (2018) The online platform economy in 2018: drivers, workers, sellers, and lessors. J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. Institute, New York. https://www.jpmorganchase.com/corporate/institute/report-ope-2018.htmGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Talbot D, Hessekiel K (2018) Community-owned fiber networks: value leaders in America. Berkman Klein Institute for Society and the Internet, Cambridge. https://cyber.harvard.edu/publications/2018/01/communityfiberGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Federal Communications Commission (2018) Fixed broadband deployment data from FCC form 477. https://www.fcc.gov/general/broadband-deployment-data-fcc-form-477
  13. 13.
    Marcus M (2017) AT&T accused of digital redlining in Detroit. Community Networks. https://muninetworks.org/content/att-accused-digital-redlining-detroit
  14. 14.
    National broadband plan. 4 Feb. 2019. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Broadband_Plan_(United_States)
  15. 15.
    Campbeel-Dollaghan K (2018) Sorry, your data can still be identified even if it’s anonymized. Fast Company. https://www.fastcompany.com/90278465/sorry-your-data-can-still-be-identified-even-its-anonymized
  16. 16.
    Przeybilovicz E et al (2018) A tale of two ‘Smart Cities’: investigating the echoes of new public management and governance discourses in smart city projects in Brazil. In: Proceedings of the 51st Hawaii international conference on system sciences. https://aisel.aisnet.org/hicss-51/eg/smart_cities_smart_government/2/Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kitchin R (2014) The real-time city? Big data and smart urbanism. GeoJournal 79:1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10708-013-9516-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kahneman, D (2011). Thinking Fast and Slow. Farrar, Straus and Girroux. ISBN 9781429969352. https://us.macmillan.com/books/9781429969352
  19. 19.
    wzamen01 (2009). HP computers are racist [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t4DT3tQqgRM
  20. 20.
    Chen BX (2009). HP investigates claims of ‘Racist’ computers. Wired Magazine. https://www.wired.com/2009/12/hp-notebooks-racist/
  21. 21.
    Rose A (2010). Are face-detection cameras racist? Time Magazine http://content.time.com/time/business/article/0,8599,1954643-2,00.html
  22. 22.
    National Institute of Standards and Technology (2018). NIST evaluation shows advance in face recognition capabilities. https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2018/11/nist-evaluation-shows-advance-face-recognition-softwares-capabilities
  23. 23.
    Miles A (2018) Digital inclusion program helps older and low-income austinites catch up with technology. KUT 90.5. http://www.kut.org/post/digital-inclusion-program-helps-older-and-low-income-austinites-catch-technology

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine Crago Blanton
    • 1
  • Walt Trybula
    • 2
  1. 1.Head of Strategic Initiatives and Resource DevelopmentHousing Authority of the City of Austin (HACA)AustinUSA
  2. 2.Trybula FoundationAustinUSA

Personalised recommendations