• Carmen Todea
  • Silvana Canjau


For decades, there has been an ongoing search for clinically acceptable methods for the accurate, noninvasive diagnosis, and prognosis of periodontitis. There are several well-known inherent drawbacks with current clinical procedures. The purpose of this chapter is to summarize some of the newly emerging diagnostic approaches, namely, laser Doppler (LD) imaging, optical coherence tomography (OCT), infrared spectroscopy, and ultrasound. The history and attractive features of these new approaches are briefly illustrated, and the interesting and significant inventions related to dental applications are discussed. The particularly attractive aspects for the dental community are that some of these methods are entirely noninvasive, do not impose any discomfort to the patients during the procedure, and require no tissue to be extracted. Morphologically, some other noninvasive imaging modalities, such as OCT and ultrasound, could be employed to accurately measure probing depths and assess the status of periodontal attachment, the front-line of disease progression. These methods could either replace traditional clinical examinations for the diagnosis of periodontitis or at least serve as attractive complementary diagnostic tools. However, the potential of these techniques requires careful, informed examination given the multifactorial character of periodontal disease. Alternative modalities like microbiologic and genetic approaches are also being developed.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmen Todea
    • 1
  • Silvana Canjau
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Medicine and PharmacyTimisoaraRomania
  2. 2.CoesfeldGermany

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