Key Clinical Findings

  • Sachin S. GoelEmail author
  • William J. Stewart
Part of the Contemporary Cardiology book series (CONCARD)


The cardiovascular history and physical examination remain an essential components of understanding cardiovascular physiology and in the management of patients with hemodynamic decompensation. Although newer technologies aid in the assessment of those with hemodynamic compromise, they by no means replace a thorough history and physical examination. A comprehensive understanding of key clinical findings remains invaluable.


Clinical Exam History Cardiovascular Shock Heart failure 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Prairie Heart InstituteSt John’s HospitalSpringfieldUSA
  2. 2.Department of Cardiovascular MedicineCleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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