The Fact of Norms

  • Michael PotacsEmail author
Part of the Law and Philosophy Library book series (LAPS, volume 130)


Notwithstanding the distinction between “is” and “ought” each norm is expressible in language. This article argues that to that effect all norms can be regarded as an “is”, empirically equivalent to other facts.


  1. Albert H (1987) Kritik der reinen Erkenntnislehre. Mohr Siebeck, TübingenGoogle Scholar
  2. Dworkin R (1977) Taking rights seriously. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. Endicott T (2011) Law as language. In: Coleman J, Shapiro S (eds) The Oxford handbook of jurisprudence and philosophy of law. OUP, New York, pp 935–968Google Scholar
  4. Greenawalt K (1992) Law and objectivity. OUP, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Hume D (2017) A treatise of human nature. 1739, reprinted by Amazon Fulfillment, BreslauGoogle Scholar
  6. Kelsen H (2009) Pure theory of law. The Lawbook Exchange, ClarkGoogle Scholar
  7. Kramer MH (2007) Objectivity and the rule of law. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Leiter B (2011) Law and objectivity. In: Coleman J, Shapiro S (eds) The Oxford handbook of jurisprudence and philosophy of law. OUP, New York, pp 969–989Google Scholar
  9. Marmor A (2001) Positive law and objective values. OUP, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Popper KR (1972) Objective knowledge. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  11. Popper KR (1980) Unended quest. Fontana/Collins, GlasgowGoogle Scholar
  12. Popper KR (2002) The logic of scientific discovery. Routledge, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Potacs M (1994) Rechtsdogmatik als empirische Wissenschaft. Rechtstheorie 25:191–211Google Scholar
  14. Potacs M (2015) Rechtstheorie. Facultas, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  15. Raz J (1974) Kelsen’s theory of the basic norm. Am J Jurisprud 19:94–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Searle J (1964) How to derive “ought” from “is”. Philos Rev 73:43–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Von Wright GH (1985) Is and ought. In: Bulygin E, Gardies J-L, Niiniluoto I (eds) Man, law and modern forms of life. D. Reidel Publishing, Dordrecht, pp 263–281Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ViennaViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations