Monitoring is a continuous process to measure and seek to control the qualitative and quantitative changes of different hydrogeological, hydrological, engineering geological, and hydrochemical parameters, first in natural conditions and later during the operation of the reservoir and dam. Because prevention is always better than cure, the role of monitoring is achieved precise diagnosis of any potentially destructive processes in real time. Organization of a good monitoring network, good instrumentation, and continuity of measurements are the important prerequisites for the protection of dam stability and the watertightness (impermeability) of the reservoir.
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