Social Impact Measurement and Youth Justice
This chapter will present a new and innovative approach to measuring the social impact of Secure Training Centres (STCs) on young people. It begins with an exploration of Weber’s (Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretative Sociology. Berkeley, CA: California University Press, 1978) work on power, before then exploring social impact measurement in relation to issues of definition, best practice frameworks for engaging in social impact measurement and types of data that can be gathered. The chapter then goes on to explore criminological theory (specifically ICAP theory combined desistance theory) and relate these to the SIM models presented, in order to present a case for an integrated outcomes-based focus on youth justice interventions in STCs. Throughout the chapter, the empowerment of young people forms the central frame of analysis, as placing them at the centre of any SIM framework remains critical.
KeywordsSocial impact Measurement Theory Outcomes Empowerment
- Clifford, J., Markey, K., & Malpani, N. (2013). Measuring Social Impact in Social Enterprise: The State of Thought and Practice in the UK, London, E3M. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/social_business/docs/expert-group/social_impact/presentation-e3m_en.pdf.
- Clifford, J., Hehenberger, L., & Fantini, M. (2014). Proposed Approaches to Social Impact Measurement in European Commission Legislation and in Practice Relating to: EuSEFs and the EaSI, European Commission Report 140605 (June 2014). Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/social_business/docs/expert-group/social_impact/140605-sub-group-report_en.pdf and http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&langId=en&pubId=7735&type=2&furtherPubs=yes.
- Emerson, J. (2000). The Nature of Returns: A Social Capital Markets Inquiry into Elements of Investment and the Blended Value Proposition, Harvard Working Paper Series, No. 17 Social Enterprise Series, Boston, MA. Retrieved from http://www.blendedvalue.org/wp-content/uploads/2004/02/pdf-nature-of-returns.pdf.
- Farrington, D. (2003). Key results from the First 40 Years of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development. In T. P. Thornberry & M. D. Krohn (Eds.), Taking Stock of Delinquency: An Overview of Findings from Contemporary Longitudinal Studies. New York: Kluwer.Google Scholar
- Farrington, D. (2005). Integrated Developmental and Life-Course Theories of Offending. Advances in Criminological Theory. New Jersey: Transaction.Google Scholar
- Farrington, D. (2007). Origins of Violent Behaviour Over the Life Span. In D. J. Flannery, A. T. Vazsonyi, & I. D. Waldman (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Violent Behavior and Aggression. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Farrington, D., & Ttofi, M. (2014). Developmental and Life-Course Theories of Offending. In H. Morizot & L. Kazemian (Eds.), The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behaviour. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Glueck, S., & Glueck, E. (1937). Later Criminal Careers. New York: Kraus.Google Scholar
- Goring, C. (1919). The English Convict. London: His Majesty’s Stationary Office.Google Scholar
- Hazenberg, R., & Clifford, J. (2016). GECES and the Valid Measurement of Social Impact in the VCSE Sector. In R. Gunn & C. Durkin (Eds.), Social Entrepreneurship: A Skills Approach (2nd ed.). Bristol: Policy Press.Google Scholar
- Hehenberger, L., Harling, A-M., & Scholten, P. (2013). A Practical Guide to Measuring and Managing Impact. Brussels, European Venture Philanthropy Association: 124. Retrieved from http://evpa.eu.com/publication/guide-measuring-and-managing-impact-2015/.
- Hirschi, T. (1969). The Causes of Delinquency. Berkeley: The University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Jain, P. (2018). Conceptualising Social Value: Perspectives of the Public, Private and Third Sectors in the UK. PhD Thesis, University of Northampton.Google Scholar
- McNeill, F. (2002). Beyond ‘What Works’: How and Why Do People Stop Offending? CJSW Briefing (Paper 5).Google Scholar
- McNeill, F., Farrall, S., Lightowler, C., & Maruna, S. (2012). How and Why People Stop Offending: Discovering Desistance, Insights: Evidence Summaries to Support Social Services in Scotland (Vol. 15). Glasgow: IRISS.Google Scholar
- Paterson-Young, C. (2018). ‘Inspiring Futures’ – How Social Impact Measurement as a Form of Organisational Performance Management Can Enhance Outcomes for Young People in Custody, PhD Thesis, University of Northampton.Google Scholar
- Sampson, R., & Laub, J. (1993). Crime in the Making: Pathways and Turning Points Through Life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Voltan, A., & Hervieux, C. (2017). Social Impact Assessment of a Community Engagement Initiative, Paper presented at the 9th International Social Innovation Research Conference, 12th–14th December 2017, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne.Google Scholar
- Weber, M. (1978). Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretative Sociology. Berkeley, CA: California University Press.Google Scholar