Although a facilitator tool to day-to-day life, the Internet has turned out an intriguing and complex tool. Also it became a way to the maintenance of people’s anonymity making difficulty to curb international crimes. The author provides a reflection on the cyberspace and the need for a well-designed international regulatory environment.


Conclusions Internet challenges Need for improvements 


  1. 1.
    EquityNet. Funding portal definition. Retrieved September 2, 2018, from
  2. 2.
    Foster Swift Attorneys. Biztec Law Blog, Title II crowdfunding: What is a funding portal? Retrieved September 2, 2018, from
  3. 3.
    Robock, Z. (2014). The risk of money laundering through crowdfunding: A funding portal’s guide to compliance and crime fighting. Michigan Business & Entrepreneurial Law Review, 4, 113–129.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Finextra. (2018, February 6). NYDFS sets out new cryptocurrency fraud guidelines. Retrieved September 3, 2018, from
  5. 5.
    Raiborn, C., Schorg, C., & Bubrig, C. (2003). Guarding against e-laundering of dirty money. Commercial Lending Review, 18, 36–39.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Swain, A. W., & Trelease, N. T. (2006). Online retailers netted by Nexus: The borders online case. Intellectual Property and Technology Law, 35(1), 37–42.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hiller, J. S., & Cook, D. L. (1997). From clipper ships to clipper chips: The evolution of payment systems for electronicd commerce. Journal of Law and Commerce, 17, 53–98.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.3rd RegionFederal Court of AppealsSão PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations