Geminivirus Occurrence in Australia, China, Europe, and the Middle Eastern Countries

  • Adel Ali Mohammed Al Shihi


Geminiviruses (family: Geminiviridae) are plant pathogenic viruses with single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) genome. Geminiviruses are classified into nine genera: Begomovirus, Mastrevirus, Curtovirus, Becurtovirus, Topocuvirus, Turncurtovirus, Capulavirus, Grablovirus, and Eragrovirus. Begomoviruses constitute the largest number of viruses in Geminiviridae family infecting most economically important crops in Australia, China, Europe, and the Middle East countries. Crops that have been infected with begomoviruses belong to the families, Malvaceae (cotton and okra), Cucurbitaceae (melon, watermelon, squash, and gourds), Euphorbiaceae (cassava), Solanaceae (tobacco, potato, tomato, and pepper), and Fabaceae (soybean, cowpea, common bean, and mungbean). Mastreviruses infect chickpea and pepper crops in Australia, Oman, Yemen, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq. Becurtoviruses infect some crops like sugar beet and tomato in Iran. Capulaviruses have been recorded in France and Finland infecting Alfalfa and Plantago plants, respectively. The geminiviruses pose a great challenge to the countries by their fast spread and infecting economic crops. Cooperation among these countries in exchanging information and adopting the most up-to-date system in quarantine can prevent further introduction of new viruses into new geographic regions.


Geminiviruses Australia China Europe Middle East Crops Quarantine 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adel Ali Mohammed Al Shihi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant ProtectionMinistry of Agriculture and Fisheries WealthMuscatOman

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