Advertisement

TLD Design and Development for Vibration Mitigation in Structures

  • Francesca Colucci
  • Marco Claudio De SimoneEmail author
  • Domenico Guida
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 76)

Abstract

Steel structures are widely used all over the world. Steel interprets the most current synthesis between engineering and architecture, creating constructions that translate into investments that are advantageous over time. Thanks to the strength of its expressiveness and its known characteristics of elasticity and malleability, the architectural work and the structural one become the interpreter of the other, enhancing the project and its peculiarities. The variability of constructive solutions is significantly increased by the ease with which steel is combined with other materials. Steel is able to intelligently exploit the performance of other construction materials such as glass, where natural lighting allows fascinating transparencies. The design of steel structures, however, involves considerable skills in the field of structure dynamics and vibration mitigation. For this reason, it was decided to develop an experimental apparatus for vibration tests for structures in order to analyse the dynamic behaviour for several factors, including symmetrical and asymmetrical configurations. The experimental apparatus is also designed to test active and passive control systems for vibration control and mitigation. To demonstrate the flexibility of the implemented apparatus, this article reports the study and design of a TLD, Tuned Liquid Damper, for passive vibration mitigation for a two-dimensional structure.

Keywords

Test rig Vibration mitigation Tuned liquid dampers Passive control Structural design 

References

Journal Papers:

  1. 1.
    Ozaki, M., Adachi, Y., Iwahori, Y., Ishii, N.: Application of fuzzy theory to writer recognition of Chinese characters. IOSR J. Eng. 2(2), 112–116 (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Debnath, N., Deb, S.K., Dutta, A.: Multi-modal vibration control of truss bridges with tuned mass dampers under general loading. J. Vib. Control 22(20), 4121–4140 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lu, Z., Wang, D., Zhou, Y.: Experimental parametric study on wind-induced vibration control of particle tuned mass damper on a benchmark high-risebuilding. Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build. 26(8), e1359 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Guida, D., Nilvetti, F., Pappalardo, C.M.: Optimal control design by adjoint-based optimization for active mass damper with dry friction. In: Programme and Proceedings of (COMPDYN 2013) 4th International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Kos Island, Greece, 12–14 June, pp. 1–19 (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Xu, X., Lai, F., Li, G., Zhu, X., Zhu, L.: A novel vibration suppression device for floating offshore wind generator. J. Energy Resour. Technol. 141(6) (2019). Transactions of the ASME, art. no. 061201,  https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4042404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lu, X., Zhang, Q., Weng, D., Zhou, Z., Wang, S., Mahin, S.A., Qian, F.: Improving performance of a super tall building using a new eddy-current tuned mass damper. Struct. Control Health Monit. 24(3), e1882 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    De Simone, M.C., Rivera, Z.B., Guida, D.: Obstacle avoidance system for unmanned ground vehicles by using ultrasonic sensors. Machines 6(2) (2018). Art. no. 18,  https://doi.org/10.3390/machines6020018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: A time-domain system identification numerical procedure for obtaining linear dynamical models of multibody mechanical systems. Arch. Appl. Mech. 88(8), 1325–1347 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Love, J.S., Lee, C.S.: Nonlinear series-type tuned mass damper-tuned sloshing damper for improved structural control. J. Vib. Acoust. 141(2) (2019). Transactions of the ASME, art. no. 0210061.  https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Marano, G.C., Greco, R.: Robust optimum design of tuned mass dampers for high-rise buildings under moderate earthquakes. Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build. 18(8), 823–838 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    De Simone, M.C., Guida, D.: Modal coupling in presence of dry friction. Machines 6(1) (2018). Art. no. 8.  https://doi.org/10.3390/machines6010008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Greco, R., Marano, G.C., Fiore, A.: Performance–cost optimization of tuned mass damper under low-moderate seismic actions. Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build. 25(18), 1103–1122 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Furtmüller, T., Di Matteo, A., Adam, C., Pirrotta, A.: Base-isolated structure equipped with tuned liquid column damper: an experimental study. Mech. Syst. Signal Process. 116, 816–831 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymssp.2018.06.048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhang, Z., Basu, B., Nielsen, S.R.K.: Real-time hybrid aeroelastic simulation of wind turbines with various types of full-scale tuned liquid dampers. Wind Energy 22(2), 239–256 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1002/we.2281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Altunişik, A.C., Yetisşken, A., Kahya, V.: Experimental study on control performance of tuned liquid column dampers considering different excitation directions. Mech. Syst. Sig. Process. 102, 59–71 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    De Simone, M.C., Russo, S., Rivera, Z.B., Guida, D.: Multibody model of a UAV in presence of wind fields. In: 2018 Proceedings - 2017 International Conference on Control, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Optimization, ICCAIRO 2017, pp. 83–88, January 2018.  https://doi.org/10.1109/iccairo.2017.26
  17. 17.
    Hemmati, A., Oterkus, E., Khorasanchi, M.: Vibration suppression of offshore wind turbine foundations using tuned liquid column dampers and tuned mass dampers. Ocean Eng. 172, 286–295 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2018.11.055CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: On the computational methods for the dynamic analysis of rigid multibody mechanical systems. Machines 6(2), 20 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rozas, L., Boroschek, R.L., Tamburrino, A., Rojas, M.: A bidirectional tuned liquid column damper for reducing the seismic response of buildings. Struct. Control Health Monit. 23(4), 621–640 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: System identification algorithm for computing the modal parameters of linear mechanical systems. Machines 6(2), 12 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pabarja, A., Vafaei, M.C., Alih, S., MdYatim, M.Y., Osman, S.A.: Experimental study on the efficiency of tuned liquid dampers for vibration mitigation of a vertically irregular structure. Mech. Syst. Signal Process. 114, 84–105 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymssp.2018.05.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: System identification and experimental modal analysis of a frame structure. Eng. Lett. 26(1), 56–68 (2018)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ashasi-Sorkhabi, A., Malekghasemi, H., Ghaemmaghami, A., Mercan, O.: Experimental investigations of tuned liquid damper-structure interactions in resonance considering multiple parameters. J. Sound Vib. 388, 141–153 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Modi, V.J., Welt, F.: Vibration control using nutation dampers. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Flow Induced Vibration, London, pp. 369–376 (1987)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Chaiviriyawong, P., Panedpojaman, P., Limkatanyu, S., Pinkeaw, T.: Simulation of control characteristics of liquid column vibration absorber using a quasi-elliptic flow path estimation method. Eng. Struct. 177, 785–794 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.09.088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    De Simone, M.C., Guida, D.: Identification and control of a unmanned ground vehicle by using arduino. UPB Sci. Bull. Ser. D Mech. Eng. 80(1), 141–154 (2018)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: Dynamic analysis of planar rigid multibody systems modelled using natural absolute coordinates. Appl. Comput. Mech. 12, 73–110 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kareem, A., Kijewski, T., Tamura, Y.: Mitigation of motions of tall buildings with specific examples of recent applications. Wind Struct. 2(3), 201–251 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nakamura, S.I., Fujino, Y.: Lateral vibration on a pedestrian cable-stayed bridge. Struct. Eng. Int. 12(4), 295–300 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    De Simone, M.C., Guida, D.: Control design for an under-actuated UAV model. FME Trans. 46(4), 443–452 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.5937/fmet1804443DCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhao, Z., Fujino, Y.: Numerical simulation and experimental study of deeper-water TLD in the presence of screens. J. Struct. Eng. 39, 699–711 (1993)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: Use of the adjoint method in the optimal control problem for the mechanical vibrations of nonlinear systems. Machines 6(2), 19 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    De Simone, M.C., Rivera, Z.B., Guida, D.: Finite element analysis on squeal-noise in railway applications. FME Trans. 46(1), 93–100 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.5937/fmet1801093DCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Cassolato, M.R., Love, J.S., Tait, M.J.: Modelling of a tuned liquid damper with inclined damping screens. Struct. Control Health Monit. 18(6), 674–681 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: Forward and inverse dynamics of a unicycle-like mobile robot. Machines 7(1), 5 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    La, V.D., Adam, C.: General on-off damping controller for semi-active tuned liquid column damper. JVC/J. Vib. Control 24(23), 5487–5501 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1177/1077546316648080MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Shad, H., Adnan, A., Behbahani, H.P., Vafaei, M.: Efficiency of TLDs with bottom-mounted baffles in suppression of structural response when subjected to harmonic excitations. Struct. Eng. Mech. 60(1), 131–148 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    De Simone, M.C., Guida, D.: On the development of a low-cost device for retrofitting tracked vehicles for autonomous navigation. In: AIMETA 2017 - Proceedings of the 23rd Conference of the Italian Association of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 4, pp. 71–82 (2017)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zahrai, S.M., Abbasi, S., Samali, B., Vrcelj, Z.: Experimental investigation of utilizing TLD with baffles in a scaled down 5-story benchmark building. J. Fluids Struct. 28, 194–210 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Bhattacharyya, S., Ghosh, A.D., Basu, B.: Design of an active compliant liquid column damper by LQR and wavelet linear quadratic regulator control strategies. Struct. Control Health Monit. 25(12) (2018). Art. no. e2265,  https://doi.org/10.1002/stc.2265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: On the use of two-dimensional euler parameters for the dynamic simulation of planar rigid multibody systems. Arch. Appl. Mech. 87(10), 1647–1665 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Altay, O., Klinkel, S.: A semi-active tuned liquid column damper for lateral vibration control of high-rise structures: theory and experimental verification. Struct. Control Health Monit. 25(12) (2018). Art. no. e2270,  https://doi.org/10.1002/stc.2270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: Adjoint-based optimization procedure for active vibration control of nonlinear mechanical systems. ASME J. Dyn. Syst. Meas. Control 139(8), 1–11 (2017), 081010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Ruiz, R.O., Lopez-Garcia, D., Taflanidis, A.A.: Modeling and experimental validation of a new type of tuned liquid damper. Acta Mech. 227(11), 3275–3294 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Samanta, A., Banerji, P.: Structural vibration control using modified tuned liquid dampers, IES. J. Part A: Civil Struct. Eng. 3(1), 14–27 (2010)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Akbarpoor, S., Dehghan, S.M., Hadianfard, M.A.: Seismic performance evaluation of steel frame structures equipped with tuned liquid dampers. Asian J. Civil Eng. 19(8), 1037–1053 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s42107-018-0082-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Fujino, Y., Sun, L.M.: Vibration control by multiple tuned liquid dampers (MTLDs). J. Struct. Eng. 119(12), 3482–3502 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: On the Lagrange multipliers of the intrinsic constraint equations of rigid multibody mechanical systems. Arch. Appl. Mech. 88(3), 419–451 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Concilio, A., De Simone, M.C., Rivera, Z.B., Guida, D.: A new semi-active suspension system for racing vehicles. FME Trans. 45(4), 578–584 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.5937/fmet1704578CCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Younes, M.F.: Effect of different design parameters on damping capacity of liquid column vibration absorber. J. Eng. Appl. Sci. 65(6), 447–467 (2018)Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Tsao, W.H., Hwang, W.-S.: Tuned liquid dampers with porous media. Ocean Eng. 167, 55–64 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2018.08.034CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Park, W., Park, K.S., Koh, H.M., Ha, D.H.: Wind-induced response control and serviceability improvement of an air traffic control tower. Eng. Struct. 28(7), 1060–1070 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: Control of nonlinear vibrations using the adjoint method. Meccanica 52(11–12), 2503–2526 (2017)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Ruggiero, A., Affatato, S., Merola, M., De Simone, M.C.: FEM analysis of metal on UHMWPE total hip prosthesis during normal walking cycle. In: AIMETA 2017 - Proceedings of the 23rd Conference of the Italian Association of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2, pp. 1885–1892 (2017)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Pappalardo, C.M.: A natural absolute coordinate formulation for the kinematic and dynamic analysis of rigid multibody systems. Nonlinear Dyn. 81(4), 1841–1869 (2015)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Love, J.S., Tait, M.J.: Multiple tuned liquid dampers for efficient and robust structural control. J. Struct. Eng. 141(12), 04015045 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Tamura, Y., Kohsaka, R., Nakamura, O., Miyashita, K.I., Modi, V.J.: Wind-induced responses of an airport tower—efficiency of tuned liquid damper. J. WindEng. Ind. Aerodyn. 65(1), 121–131 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Chu, C.-R., Wu, Y.-R., Wu, T.-R., Wang, C.-Y.: Slosh-induced hydrodynamic force in a water tank with multiple baffles. Ocean Eng. 167, 282–292 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2018.08.049CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Quatrano, A., De Simone, M.C., Rivera, Z.B., Guida, D.: Development and implementation of a control system for a retrofitted CNC machine by using Arduino. FME Trans. 45(4), 565–571 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.5937/fmet1704565QCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Jin, Q., Li, X., Sun, N., Zhou, J., Guan, J.: Experimental and numerical study on tuned liquid dampers for controlling earthquake response of jacket offshore platform. Mar. struct. 20(4), 238–254 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Ruggiero, A., De Simone, M.C., Russo, D., Guida, D.: Sound pressure measurement of orchestral instruments in the concert hall of a public school. Int. J. Circ. Syst. Sig. Process. 10, 75–812 (2016)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Housner, G.W.: The dynamic behavior of water tanks. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 53(2), 381–387 (1963)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Guida, D., Pappalardo, C.M.: Control design of an active suspension system for a quarter-car model with hysteresis. J. Vibr. Eng. Technol. 3(3), 277–299 (2015)Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Sun, L., Kikuchi, T., Goto, Y., Hayashi, M.: Tuned Liquid Damper (TLD) using heavy mud. WIT Trans. Built Environ. 38, 87–96 (1998)Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    De Simone, M.C., Guida, D.: Dry friction influence on structure dynamics. In: COMPDYN 2015 - 5th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, pp. 4483–4491 (2015)Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Behbahani, H.P., Bin Adnan, A., Vafaei, M., Pheng, O.P., Shad, H.: Effects of TLCD with maneuverable flaps on vibration control of a SDOF structure. Meccanica 52(6), 1247–1256 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Alkmim, M.H., Fabro, A.T., de Morais, M.V.G.: Optimization of a tuned liquid column damper subject to an arbitrary stochastic wind. J. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng. 40(11) (2018). Art. no. 551,  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40430-018-1471-3
  68. 68.
    Behbahani, H.P., Bin Adnan, A., Vafaei, M., Shad, H., Pheng, O.P.: Vibration mitigation of structures through TLCD with embedded baffles. Exp. Tech. 41(2), 139–151 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Pappalardo, C.M., Guida, D.: A Comparative Study of the Principal Methods for the Analytical Formulation and the Numerical Solution of the Equations of Motion of Rigid Multibody Systems”. Arch. Appl. Mech. 88(12), 2153–2177 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Iannone, V., De Simone, M.C.: Modelling of a DC Gear Motor for Feed-Forward Control Law Design for Unmanned Ground Vehicles (2019) Actuators, SubmittedGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Fujino, Y., Pacheco, B.M., Chaiseri, P., Sun, L.M.: Parametric studies on tuned liquid damper (TLD) using circular containers by free-oscillation experiments. Doboku Gakkai Ronbunshu 1988(398), 177–187 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Tamura, Y., Kousaka, R., Modi, V.J.: Practical application of nutation damper for suppressing wind-induced vibrations of airport towers. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. 43(1–3), 1919–1930 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Roy, A., Ghosh, A.D., Chatterjee, S.: Influence of tuning of passive TLD on the seismic vibration control of elevated water tanks under various tank-full conditions. Struct. Control Health Monit. 24(6), e1924 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Butterworth, J., Lee, J.H., Davidson, B.: Experimental determination of modal damping from full scale testing. In: 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, 1–6 August 2004, Paper no. 310Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Tait, M.J., Isyumov, N., El Damatty, A.A.: Performance of tuned liquid dampers. J. Eng. Mech. 134(5), 417–427 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Graham, E.W., Rodriguez, A.M.: The characteristics of fuel motion which affect airplane dynamics. J. Appl. Mech. 19(3), 381–388 (1952)Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Rivera, Z.B., De Simone, M.C., Guida, D.: Modelling of Mobile Robots in ROS-based Environments (2019) Robotics, SubmittedGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Sun, L.M., Fujino, Y., Chaiseri, P., Pacheco, B.M.: The properties of tuned liquid dampers using a TMD analogy. Earthquake Eng. Struct. Dyn. 24(7), 967–976 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Sun, L.M.: Semi-analytical modelling of tuned liquid damper (TLD) with emphasis on damping of liquid sloshing (1991). Doctoral thesis, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, Section 5.1.3, pp. 61–62Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Rivera, Z.B., De Simone, M.C., Guida, D.: Waipoint Navigation for Wheeled Mobile Robots in Ros-based Environments (2019). Machines, SubmittedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesca Colucci
    • 1
  • Marco Claudio De Simone
    • 2
    Email author
  • Domenico Guida
    • 2
  1. 1.Meid4 S.r.l.FiscianoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of SalernoFiscianoItaly

Personalised recommendations