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The Rise of Documentary Festivals: A Historical Approach

  • Aida VallejoEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Framing Film Festivals book series (FFF)

Abstract

This chapter offers a historical account of the presence of documentary at film festivals since the 1930s. Drawing from the periodization proposed by Marijke De Valck, it analyses four different phases, characterized by (1) a significant presence of documentary at major festivals and the appearance of the first documentary festivals (1930s–1960s); (2) the emergence of thematic festivals bolstered by socio-political movements (1950s–1988); (3) the professionalization of documentary festivals created as non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and their incorporation of industry activity (1990s); and (4) the proliferation of documentary festivals worldwide (2000s). Reflecting on the role of festivals for the recognition and (re)definition of documentary, the chapter revisits key historical moments and films, highlighting the importance of these encounters for their creation, funding, distribution and incorporation to the documentary canon.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU)LeioaSpain

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