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PCM and PCM Slurries and Their Application in Solar Systems

  • Zhongzhu QiuEmail author
  • Peng Li
  • Zhangyuan Wang
  • Han Zhao
  • Xudong Zhao
Chapter
  • 619 Downloads
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

PCM/MPCM and their slurries, acting as thermal storage, heat transfer enhancement, and temperature constancy medium, have drawn extensive concerns. Their basic concepts, classification, physical and chemical properties, MPCM fabrications, and applications in solar systems were presented in this chapter. PCMs can be divided into solid–solid, solid–liquid, solid–gas and liquid–gas types. MPCM is composed of PCM as core and a polymer or inorganic material as shell to maintain the shape and prevent PCM from leakage during the phase change process. There are several processes that can be applied to produce microcapsules. Depending on the nature of the processes, they are classified into physical, physical–chemical, and chemical processes. Commercially available PCM and MPCM properties are also dedicatedly described in this chapter. Afterward, compilation of PCM emulsion and MPCM slurries was provided in terms of their main characteristics. Thereafter, a portfolio of suppressing the instability of MPCM slurries, a near-zero density difference, combining the appropriate setup of the other parameters involving surfactant type, its concentration, pH value, was proposed based on a series of experimental works. Finally, some applications of PCMs and its slurries in solar systems, acting as a thermal storage, heat transfer enhancement or temperature constancy medium, were presented in this chapter.

Keywords

Phase change material Slurry Classification Property Application 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhongzhu Qiu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peng Li
    • 2
  • Zhangyuan Wang
    • 3
  • Han Zhao
    • 4
  • Xudong Zhao
    • 5
  1. 1.College of Energy and Mechanical EngineeringShanghai University of Electric PowerShanghaiChina
  2. 2.College of Mechanical and Energy EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.School of Civil and Transportation EngineeringGuangdong University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  4. 4.Green Building & Low-carbon Technology Development CenterReadingUK
  5. 5.School of Engineering and Computer ScienceUniversity of HullHullUK

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