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Biodiversity of Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) of Annual Specialty Crop Systems: The Current State of Knowledge Worldwide and the Need for Study in North America

  • Monica A. FarfanEmail author
  • Rebecca A. Schmidt-Jeffris
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Abstract

Predatory mites in the family Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) are known to be important natural enemies of common plant pests, including tetranychids, tarsonemids, eriophyids, whiteflies, and thrips. While a great deal is known about the diversity and abundances of phytoseiid species in perennial agricultural systems in the United States, such as orchards and vineyards, very little is known regarding the phytoseiid community in annual specialty crop systems. Most information regarding endemic phytoseiid diversity comes from studies in other parts of the world, which host phytoseiid species specific to those areas and where common annual specialty crops tend to differ from those in North America, especially the U.S. The aims of this review are to present an argument for further research in this area, present what is known worldwide regarding the presence of phytoseiids on annual specialty crops, and discuss patterns of diversity and life-style classification of phytoseiid species related to presence on crop species. Though different species are found in other parts of the world, comparisons in their life-style specificity and general theories of food web ecology can be used to predict patterns in endemic species composition in U.S. annual vegetable agroecosystems.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Lee T. Ayres for assisting with data tables and Jason A. Josephson-Storm at Williams College, Williamstown, MA, for his kind translation of Komi et al. (2008b).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monica A. Farfan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rebecca A. Schmidt-Jeffris
    • 2
  1. 1.Clemson University, Coastal Research and Education CenterCharlestonUSA
  2. 2.USDA-ARS, Temperate Tree Fruit and Vegetable Research UnitWapatoUSA

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