Ethical Issues and Legal Frameworks in the Big Data Debate
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The chapter concentrates on regulatory and legal frameworks in data protection that attempt to respond to ethical issues posed by big data acquisition, processing, storage and use, especially in those instances in which it sidesteps current directives. The main focus is on the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), its inspiring principles, i.e. fairness, accountability and transparency, main actors, i.e. data subjects, controllers and processors, and criticalities. The discourse analysis of the document illustrates the complexity of data protection against the dematerialisation of the economy in the big data ecosystem and the difficulty to harmonise Member States’ multiple views on privacy. It explores the discursive overlap of law and ethics and the impact that the legal curb on data processing and repurposing is generating.
KeywordsAccountability Big data GDPR Legal discourse Privacy
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