Elder Homicide in the UK (2010–2015): A Gendered Examination
- 90 Downloads
Despite public fascination with homicide, academic research remains comparatively lacking compared to the widespread media coverage of such offences. In particular, homicide involving older adults has received very little attention. Drawing on a Freedom of Information study in the UK, this chapter reports on 514 homicides recorded between 2010 and 2015 involving victims over the age of 59. Analysis of these cases revealed that homicide of older men is qualitatively different to homicide of older women, confirming the need for a gendered analysis of homicides across the life course. Using this novel study to illustrate our argument, we suggest there are several issues to be addressed concerning conceptualisations of violence against older people as well as methodological challenges to overcome. Implications for research, policy and practice are discussed.
- Dorling, D. (2008). Prime suspect: Murder in Britain. In D. Dorling, D. Gordon, P. Hillyard, C. Pantazis, S. Pemberton, & S. Tombs (Eds.), Criminal obsessions: Why harm matters more than crime (pp. 24–40). London: Centre for Crime and Justice Studies, Kings College.Google Scholar
- Falzon, A. L., & Davis, G. G. (1998). A 15-year retrospective review of homicide in the elderly. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 43, 371–374.Google Scholar
- Fox, J. A., & Levin, J. (1991). Homicide against the elderly: A research note. Criminology, 29, 317–327.Google Scholar
- Jolliffe, D., Farrington, D. P., Piquero, A. R., MacLeod, J. F., & Van de Weijer, S. (2017). Prevalence of life-course-persistent, adolescence-limited, and late-onset offenders: A systematic review of prospective longitudinal studies. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 33(3), 4–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Koehler, S. A., Abdulrezak, M. S., & Omalu, B. I. (2006). Cause of death among elder homicide victims: A 10-year medical examiner review. Journal of Forensic Nursing, 2, 199–204.Google Scholar
- McCall, P. L., Nieuwbeerta, P., Engen, R. L., & Thames, K. M. (2012). Explaining variation in comicide rates across eastern and western European cities: The effects of social, political, and economic forces. In M. Liem & W. Pridemore (Eds.), Handbook of European Homicide Research (pp. 137–155). New York, NY: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ministry of Justice. (2017). FOI releases for August 2017. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/foi-releases-for-august-2017.
- Office for National Statistics (ONS). (2011). Population estimates by ethnic group (experimental), mid-2009. Available from: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20160109032834/, http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/re-reference-tables.html?edition=tcm%3A77-50029.
- Office for National Statistics (ONS). (2014). Crime statistics, focus on violent crime and sexual offences, 2012/13: Chapter 2 homicide. Available from: https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20160106010549/ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/crime-stats/crime-statistics/focus-on-violent-crime-and-sexual-offences--2012-13/index.html.
- Office for National Statistics (ONS). (2015a). Chapter 2: Violent crime and sexual offences—Homicide. London: ONS. Available from: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20160106113111/, http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/dcp171776_394478.pdf.
- Office for National Statistics (ONS). (2015b). Life expectancy at birth and at age 65 by local areas in England and Wales: 2012 to 2014. Available from: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/lifeexpectancies/bulletins/lifeexpectancyatbirthandatage65bylocalareasinenglandandwales/2015-11-04#national-life-expectancy-at-age-65.
- Office for National Statistics (ONS). (2017). Focus on violent crime and sexual offences, England and Wales: Year ending March 2016. Available from: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/compendium/focusonviolentcrimeandsexualoffences/yearendingmarch2016.
- Office for National Statistics (ONS). (2018). Homicide in England and Wales: Year ending March 2017. Available from: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/articles/homicideinenglandandwales/yearendingmarch2017.
- Pillemer, K., Burnes, D., Riffin, C., & Lachs, M. S. (2016). Elder abuse: Global situation, risk factors, and prevention strategies. The Gerontologist, 56(2), S194–S205.Google Scholar
- Scottish Government. (2012). Homicide in Scotland, 2011–12. Available from: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2012/11/6428/22.
- Scottish Government. (2017). Homicide in Scotland 2016–17. Available from: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2017/10/3382/1.
- Shields, L. B. E., Hunsaker, D. M., & Hunsaker, J. C. I. (2004). Abuse and neglect: A ten-year review of mortality and morbidity in our elders in a large metropolitan area. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 49(1), 122–127.Google Scholar
- Titterington, V. B., & Reyes, N. C. (2010). Elder homicide in urban America: An exploratory analysis of Chicago, Houston and Miami. Southwest Journal of Criminal Justice, 6(3), 228–249.Google Scholar
- United Nations (UN). (2013). Global study on homicide. Available from: https://www.unodc.org/documents/gsh/pdfs/GLOBAL_HOMICIDE_Report_ExSum.pdf.
- Upton, C. M. (2014). A cell for a home: Addressing the crisis of booming elder inmate populations in state prisons. Elder LJ, 22, 289.Google Scholar
- Wahidin, A., & Cain, M. E. (Eds.). (2006). Ageing, crime and society. Devon: Willan Publishing.Google Scholar
- World Health Organisation (WHO). (2002). Proposed working definition of an older person in Africa for the MDS Project. Available from: http://www.who.int/healthinfo/survey/ageingdefnolder/en/.
- Women’s Aid. (2016). Femicide census: Profiles of women killed by men. Available from: https://www.womensaid.org.uk/what-we-do/campaigning-and-influencing/femicide-census/.