Science Behind Cosmetics and Skin Care

  • Becky S. Li
  • John H. Cary
  • Howard I. MaibachEmail author


Women and men worldwide use an abundance of skin care and cosmetic products, in pursuit of cleanliness with soaps and shampoos, or everlasting youth with creams and serums. No matter what age, location or socioeconomic background, we are all exposed to the widespread cosmetics industry. The global cosmetic market was worth $460 billion in 2014 and is estimated to reach $675 billion by 2020. While marketing and advertising efforts have forged a path for the industry’s continued growth, this momentum has not translated to equally refreshed regulatory practices in some parts of the world. This chapter reviews the regulatory status of cosmetics, adverse event reporting and studies attempting to link cosmetics with contact dermatitis. It aims to set the foundation for the emergence of nanocosmetics.


Cosmetics Cosmetic regulation Cosmetic research FDCA VCRP CIR RIFM PCPSA Contact dermatitis Adverse effects Nanocosmetics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Becky S. Li
    • 1
  • John H. Cary
    • 2
  • Howard I. Maibach
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Howard University College of MedicineWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Louisiana State University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.School of Medicine, Department of DermatologyUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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