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Epidemiology pp 249-254 | Cite as

The Role of Epidemiology in Building Coherent Systems of Public Health

  • Klaus Krickeberg
  • Pham Van Trong
  • Pham Thi My Hanh
Chapter
Part of the Statistics for Biology and Health book series (SBH)

Abstract

In most if not all countries of the world Public Health is being built and operated in a piecemeal way. Its various parts are rarely linked to each other by an all-embracing concept and often not by their practice either. The reasons are largely historical. A particular Public Health Service was created when there seemed to be a more or less urgent need. Screening in schools for tooth decay, bad eyesight and other ailments is a typical example. This practice started about one and a half centuries ago. Preventive measures such as hygiene, clean drinking water, sewage systems, and recommendations about nutrition and physical activities are documented from ancient Egypt, China, Greece and Rome but not as parts of a general systematic effort. Immunizations followed in the nineteenth Century after some forerunners; see Sect.  5.1.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Krickeberg
    • 1
  • Pham Van Trong
    • 2
  • Pham Thi My Hanh
    • 2
  1. 1.Grosser Kamp 4BielefeldGermany
  2. 2.Faculty of Public HealthThai Binh Medical UniversityThai BinhVietnam

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