• Mauro SantosEmail author
  • Jorge Guilherme
  • Nuno Horta
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 558)


Data converters are a fundamental building block for many circuits. Application examples of data converters include digitizing voice, image, and wireless telecommunications signals. Data converters are used because it is easier to process a digital quantity than to perform the equivalent processing in the analog domain. Without them it would not be possible to have devices such as digital audio and video broadcast, digital cameras and mobile phones. Usually the converters employed in those applications have a linear scale, and for most applications that is the proper choice, however, for some applications a nonlinear conversion scale may be more appropriate.


  1. 1.
    Á. Rodríguez-Vázquez, F. Medeiro, E. Janssens, CMOS Telecom Data Converters (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. Lienert, J. Porter, N. Ahlquist, D. Harris, S. Sharma, A 50 MHz logarithmic amplifier for use in lidar measurements, in IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Sydney, NSW, 2001), pp. 2914–2915Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Mahattanakul, Logarithmic data converter suitable for hearing aid applications. Electron. Lett. 41(7), 394–396 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. Grisoni, A. Heubi, P. Balsiger, F. Pellandini, Implementation of a micro power 15-bit ‘floating-point’ A/D converter, in International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design (Monterey, CA, 1996), pp. 247–252Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. Francescon, F. Maloberti, A low power logarithmic A/D converter, in IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol. 1 (Atlanta, GA, 1996), pp. 473–476Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S.-M. Lee, H. Park, B.A. Wooley, Per-pixel floating-point ADCs with electronic shutters for a high dynamic range, high frame rate infrared focal plane array, in IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference 2006 (San Jose, CA, 2006), pp. 647–650Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Ham et al., CMOS image sensor with analog gamma correction using nonlinear single-slope ADC, in IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (Island of Kos, 2006), pp. 3578–3581Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Guo, S. Sonkusale, An area-efficient and low-power logarithmic A/D converter for current-mode sensor array. IEEE Sens. J. 9(12), 2042–2043 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y.-C. Chuang, S.-F. Chen, S.-Y. Huang, Y.-C. King, Low-cost logarithmic CMOS image sensing by nonlinear analog-to-digital conversion. IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 51(4), 1212–1217 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Nguyen, S. Zupancic, D.Y.C. Lie, Engineering challenges in cochlear implants design and practice. IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 12(4), 47–55 (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Lee, H.-G. Rhew, D. Kipke, M. Flynn, A 64 channelprogrammable closed-loop deep brain stimulator with 8 channel neural amplifier and logarithmic ADC, in IEEE Symposium on VLSI Circuits (Honolulu, HI, 2008), pp. 76–77Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Lee, H.-G. Rhew, D.R. Kipke, M.P. Flynn, A 64 channel programmable closed-loop neurostimulator with 8 channel neural amplifier and logarithmic ADC. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(9), 1935–1945 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A.J. López-Martín, M. Zuza, A. Carlosena, A CMOS A/D converter with piecewise linear characteristic and its application to sensor linearization. Analog Integr. Circ. Sig. Process 36(1), 39–46 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. Bucci, M. Faccio, C. Landi, New ADC with piecewise linear characteristic: case study-implementation of a smart humidity sensor. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49(6), 1154–1166 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. Bucci, M. Faccio, C. Landi, The implementation of a smart sensor based on a piece-linear A/D converter, in IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference Sensing, Processing, Networking (Ottawa, ON, 1997), pp. 1173–1177Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. Valencic et al., A low-power piecewise linear analog to digital converter for use in particle tracking. IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 42(4), 772–775 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.M.D. Pereira, O. Postolache, P.S. Girao, PWM-A/D conversion: a flexible and low-cost solution for transducer linearization, in Proceedings of the First ISA/IEEE Conference Sensors for Industry (Rosemont, IL, 2001), pp. 258–263Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    T. Zimmerman, J.R. Hoff, The design of a charge-integrating modified floating-point ADC chip. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 39(6), 895–905 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. Maheshwari, W.A. Serdijn, J.R. Long, Companding baseband switched capacitor filters and ADCs for WLAN applications, in IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (New Orleans, LA, 2007), pp. 749–752Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Wang, V. Maheshwari, W.A. Serdijn, Instantaneously companding baseband SC low-pass filter and ADC for 802.1 la/g WLAN receiver, in IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (Paris, 2010), pp. 2215–2218Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Tryzna, H. Neuteboom, N. Nandra, W. Redman-White, An 8-bit 3MS/s CMOS two-step flash converter for low voltage mixed signal CMOS integration, in Second International Conference on Advanced A-D and D-A Conversion Techniques and their Applications (Cambridge, 1994), pp. 71–75Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Synopsys Portugal LdaPorto SalvoPortugal
  2. 2.Instituto Superior TécnicoInstituto TelecomunicaçõesLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Instituto Superior TécnicoInstituto TelecomunicaçõesLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations