Kidney Stone Removal Procedures and Emerging Therapies

  • Lawrence T. ZhangEmail author
  • Peter L. Steinberg
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)


Kidney stones are a prevalent condition, affecting nearly 10% of the US population over the course of a lifetime. Although most stones can be managed with observation and pass spontaneously, 10–20% of stone events require surgical intervention. The modern urologist has a variety of techniques available to treat stones that are causing intractable pain, infection, and renal impairment or are too large to pass. This chapter will discuss medical expulsive therapy (MET), shockwave lithotripsy (SWL), ureteroscopy (URS), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and how these techniques are the cornerstone of modern stone surgery.


Shockwave lithotripsy Ureteroscopy Percutaneous nephrolithotomy Medical expulsive therapy Ureteral stent Nephrostomy tube 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tufts University, School of MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.Division of UrologyBeth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA

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