Nephrolithiasis in Kidney Transplant
Incidence of nephrolithiasis is low after kidney transplantation. Kidney stones in transplanted kidney can be of donor origin or newly formed in allograft after transplantation. There are a number of metabolic and mechanical predisposing factors for kidney stone formation in transplant recipients. Diagnosis and management are multimodal and are similar to general population. Nephrolithiasis in kidney transplant recipients can lead to significant morbidity, and outcomes are excellent with timely management.
KeywordsKidney transplant Kidney stones Nephrolithiasis
Acute kidney injury
End-stage renal disease
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
Renal tubular acidosis
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