Oral Ulceration

  • Michael A. O. Lewis
  • Philip-John Lamey
Part of the BDJ Clinician’s Guides book series (BDJCG)


Ulceration is probably the oral mucosal condition seen most frequently by general dental practitioners. It is almost always painful and therefore sufferers are prompt to seek advice. An important exception to this generalisation is the occurrence of oral squamous cell carcinoma, which is often painless in its early stages. Definitive diagnosis, which requires mucosal biopsy, is mandatory for any persistent area of oral ulceration.

Further Reading

  1. Chavan M, Jain H, Diwan N, Khedkar S, Shete A, Durkar S. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis: a review. J Oral Pathol Med. 2012;41:577–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Edgar NR, Saleh D, Miller RA. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis: a review. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2017;10:26–36.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Goel RM, Ormond M, Nayee S, Hullah EA, Sanderson JD, Escudier M. A guide to oral ulceration for the medical physician. Br J Hosp Med. 2015;76:337–42. Scholar
  4. Talacko AA, Gordon AK, Aldred MJ. The patient with recurrent oral ulceration. Aust Dent J. 2010;55(Suppl 1):14–22. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. O. Lewis
    • 1
  • Philip-John Lamey
    • 2
  1. 1.School of DentistryCardiff University School of DentistryCardiffUK
  2. 2.Edinburgh Dental InstituteUniversity of Edinburgh Edinburgh, Dental InstituteEdinburghUK

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