An Active Signaling Mechanism to Reduce Access Collisions in a Distributed TDMA Based MAC Protocol for Vehicular Networks

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 926)


A Vehicular Ad-Hoc NETwork (VANET) is an emerging technology consisting in a set of vehicles, mobile devices and an infrastructure, which uses wireless transmission technologies to enable real-time communication between them. VANETs help to improve traffic safety and efficiency by enabling each vehicle to exchange information about vehicle positions, speeds and the state of the road. Due to its promising applications, this type of network has attracted a lot of attention in the research community, including those in the domain of Medium Access Control (MAC). In fact, an efficient MAC protocol design in VANETs is crucial to guarantee safety-critical message broadcasting with high reliability and minimum delay. A Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)-based MAC protocol is advantageous in VANETs thanks to its ability to prevent the hidden node problem, and to guarantee high quality of service for real-time applications. However, time slot assignments to vehicles could suffer from the access collision problem which can frequently occur between vehicles trying to access the same time slots. This problem is mainly due to the lack of infrastructure and potentially high density of vehicles in VANETs. In this paper, we focus on the problem of access collision in the time slot assignments of the DTMAC protocol, and present an enhanced version based on active signaling (AS-DTMAC, i.e. Active Signaling-DTMAC). Extensive simulations are conducted considering various traffic densities to demonstrate the performance of AS-DTMAC.


VANETs MAC TDMA Active signaling Low latency 5G Network simulation 


  1. 1.
    Shah, S.A.A., Ahmed, E., Imran, M., Zeadally, S.: 5G for vehicular communications. IEEE Commun. Mag. 56(1), 111–117 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jakubiak, J., Koucheryavy, Y.: State of the art and research challenges for VANETs. In: IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC), Las-Vegas, USA, pp. 912–916 (2008)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jiang, X., Du, D.H.: PTMAC: a prediction-based TDMA MAC protocol for reducing packet collisions in VANET. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 65(11), 9209–9223 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huang, J.J., Chiu, Y.S.: A scheme to reduce merging collisions in TDMA-based VANETs. In: International Symposium on Wireless and Pervasive Computing (ISWPC), pp. 1–4, November 2013Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bilstrup, K., Uhlemann, E., Strom, E.G., Bilstrup, U.: Evaluation of the IEEE 802.11 p MAC method for vehicle-to-vehicle communication. In: IEEE 68th Vehicular Technology Conference in Wireless and Pervasive Computing (ISWPC), VTC 2008-Fall, pp. 1–5. IEEE, September 2008Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dharsandiya, A.N., Patel, R.M.: A review on MAC protocols of vehicular ad hoc networks. In: International Conference on Wireless Communications, Signal Processing and Networking (WiSPNET), pp. 1040–1045. IEEE, March 2016Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hadded, M., Laouiti, A., Muhlethaler, P., Saidane, L.A.: An infrastruture-free slot assignment algorithm for reliable broadcast of periodic messages in vehicular ad hoc networks. In: Proceedings of VTC Fall 2016, Montréal, Canada, September 2016Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baccouch, H., Adjih, C., Muhlethaler, P.: Active signaling for 802.11 networks in the NS-3 simulator. In: PEMWN 2012: First International Workshop on Performance Evaluation and Modeling in Wireless Networks, Tunis, Tunisia, November 2012Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hu, F.: Security and Privacy in Internet of Things (IoTs): Models, Algorithms, and Implementations. ISBN 978-1-4987-2318-3Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hadded, M., Muhlethaler, P., Laouiti, A., Zagrouba, R., Saidane, L.A.: TDMA-based MAC protocols for vehicular ad hoc networks a survey, qualitative analysis and open research issues. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 17(4), 2461–2492 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ye, F., Yim, R., Zhang, J., Roy, S.: Congestion control to achieve optimal broadcast efficiency in VANETs. In: IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), South Africa, Cape Town, pp. 1–5, May 2010Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    802.11p-2010: IEEE standard for information technology - Telecommunications and information exchange between systems - local and metropolitan area networks - specific requirements part 11 : Wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) and physical layer (PHY) specifications amendment 6 : Wireless access in vehicular environments Std. (2010)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Uzcategui, R., Acosta-Marum, G.: Wave: a tutorial. IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(5), 126–133 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Borgonovo, F., Capone, A., Cesana, M., Fratta, L.: ADHOC MAC: new MAC architecture for Ad Hoc networks providing efficient and reliable point-to-point and broadcast services. Wirel. Netw. 10(4), 359–366 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hadded, M., Laouiti, A., Muhlethaler, P., Saidane, L.A.: An infrastructure-free slot assignment algorithm for reliable broadcast of periodic messages in vehicular ad hoc networks. In: Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC-Fall, Montreal, Canada (2016)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Borgonovo, F., Capone, A., Cesana, M., Fratta, L.: RR-ALOHA, a reliable R-ALOHA broadcast channel for Ad-Hoc inter-vehicle communication networks. In: IEEE IFIP Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (Med-Hoc-Net), Baia Chia, Italy (2002)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhuang, W., Omar, H.A., Lio, L.: VeMAC: a novel multichannel MAC protocol for vehicular ad hoc networks. In: IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), Shanghai, China, pp. 413–418, August 2011Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Weidong, Y., Pan, L., Yan, L., Hongsong, Z.: Adaptive TDMA slot assignment protocol for vehicular ad-hoc networks. J. China Univ. Posts Telecommun. 20(1), 11–18 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ke, W., Weidong, Y., Pan, L., Hongsong, Z.: A decentralized adaptive TDMA scheduling strategy for VANET. In: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference Workshops (WCNCW), Shanghai, China, pp. 216–221, April 2013Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Karnadi, F., Mo, Z., Lan, K.C.: Rapid generation of realistic mobility models for VANET. In: IEEE WCNC, Hong Kong, China, pp. 2506–2511, March 2007Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VEDECOMVersaillesFrance
  2. 2.INRIAParisFrance

Personalised recommendations