Study on Effect of Parameters on Friction Stir Welding Process of 6061 Aluminum Alloy Tubes

  • Van Vu Nguyen
  • Hoang Linh Nguyen
  • Tan Tien Nguyen
  • Thien Phuc TranEmail author
  • Sang Bong Kim
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 554)


This paper presents the experimental results on friction stir welding (FSW) with 6061 aluminum alloy cylinder. This operation is implemented on a universal milling machine with specialized holder and the stepless spindle speed which can be adjusted by using frequency converter.

Two pieces of aluminum tube with the same dimensions \( (\phi 100\,\text{mm} \times 5\,\text{mm} \times 40\,\text{mm}) \) are facing machined and located in mandrel by screw clamp in order to be concentric and stable. The mandrel is installed on a continuously variable transmission with various speeds. The model was designed to find out the best value of each technical parameters such as tool speed, traverse speed, welding shoulder radius. This paper also presents the effect of technical parameters to the tensile strength, normal force and the welding force of FSW.


Friction stir welding 6061 aluminum tube Spindle speed Traverse speed Radius of tool shoulder Tensional stress 


  1. 1.
    Thomas, W.M., et al.: Friction stir butt welding, International Patent Application PCT/GB92, Patent Application GB9125978.8, 6 December 1991Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mishra, R.S.: Minerals, metals and materials society, minerals, metals and materials society. In: Friction Stir Welding and Processing VI: Proceedings of a Symposium Sponsored by the Shaping and Forming Committee of the Materials Processing & Manufacturing Division of TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society): Held During the TMS 2011 Annual Meeting & Exhibition, San Diego, California, USA, 27 February–3 March 2011. Wiley, Hoboken (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yuan, S.J., Hu, Z.L., Wang, X.S.: Evaluation of formability and material characteristics of aluminum alloy friction stir welded tube produced by a novel process. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 543, 210–216 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lindner, K., Khandkar, Z., Khan, J., Tang, W., Reynolds, A.P.: Rationalization of hardness distributions in alloy 7050 friction stir welds based on weld energy, weld power and time/temperature history. In: 4th International Symposium on Friction Stir Welding (4ISFSW), Park City, Utah, USA, 14–16 May 2003Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Schmidt, H., Hattel, J., Wert, J.: An analytical model for the heat generation in friction stir welding. Model. Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 12(1), 143 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chen, H.-B., Yan, K., Lin, T., Chen, S.-B., Jiang, C.-Y., Zhao, Y.: The investigation of typical welding defects for 5456 aluminum alloy friction stir welds. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 433, 64–69 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Smith, C.B., Mishra, R.S.: Friction Stir Processing for Enhanced Low Temperature Formability. Butterworth-Heinemann is an imprint of Elsevier, Amsterdam (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mishra, R.S., Mahoney, M.W.: Friction Stir Welding and Processing. In: ASM International (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chen, B., Chen, K., Hao, W., Liang, Z., Yao, J., Zhang, L., Shan, A.: Friction stir welding of small-dimension Al3003 and pure Cu pipes. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 223, 48–57 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rai, R., De, A., Bhadeshia, H.K.D.H., DebRoy, T.: Review: friction stir welding tools. Sci. Technol. Weld. Join. 16, 325–342 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kumar, N., Mishra, R.S., Yuan, W.: Friction Stir Welding of Dissimilar Alloys and Materials. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2015)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Norrish, J.: Advanced Welding Processes: Technologies and Process Control. Woodhead Publ., Cambridge (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Van Vu Nguyen
    • 1
  • Hoang Linh Nguyen
    • 1
  • Tan Tien Nguyen
    • 1
  • Thien Phuc Tran
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sang Bong Kim
    • 2
  1. 1.Ho Chi Minh City University of TechnologyHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  2. 2.Pukyong National UniversityBusanKorea

Personalised recommendations