Optimum Selection of the Reference Signal for Correlation Receiver Applied to Marker Localization

  • Martin VestenickýEmail author
  • Peter Vestenický
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 554)


The localization of RFID transponders is very popular task today in industrial RFID applications. One of the special applications of RFID is the localization and identification of the underground facility networks by special RFID transponders called markers. This paper describes an optimum selection of reference signal for the correlation receiver applied to RSSI based localization of the inductive coupled RFID markers. The reference responses of the marker are generated by using the model of localization device created in Matlab – Simulink software package. The analysis takes into account the quality factor of the marker resonant circuit. The results show that the correlations coefficients between any two marker responses are not significantly dependent on the marker parameters.


Localization RFID Correlation receiver Marker Response 



This work has been supported by the grant of Cultural and Educational Grant Agency of the Slovak Republic (KEGA) No. 038ŽU-4/2017: “Laboratory education methods of automatic identification and localization using radiofrequency identification technology.”


  1. 1.
    Finkenzeller, K.: RFID Handbook: Fundamentals and Applications in Contactless Smart Cards, Radio Frequency Identification and Near-Field Communication, 3rd edn. Wiley, Chichester (2010). ISBN 978-0-470-69506-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Peniak, P., Franeková, M.: Open communication protocols for integration of embedded systems within Industry 4. In: 20th International Conference on Applied Electronics, September 8th–9th, pp. 181–184. IEEE, Pilsen (2015). ISBN 978-8-0261-0385-1, ISSN 1803-7232Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mravec, T., Vestenický, P., Hruboš, M.: Application of correlation receiver on the RFID marker localization signals. In: 11th International Conference ELEKTRO 2016, May 16th–18th, pp. 440–444. IEEE, Štrbské Pleso (2016). ISBN 978-1-4673-8698-2Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brída, P., Machaj, J., Benikovský, J., Dúha, J.: An experimental evaluation of AGA algorithm for RSS positioning in GSM networks. Electron. Electr. Eng. 104(8), 113–118 (2010). ISSN 1392–1215Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Proakis, J.G., Salehi, M.: Digital Communication, 5th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York (2008). ISBN 978-0-07-295716-7zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Brandl, M., Posnicek, T., Kellner, K.: Position estimation of RFID-based sensors using SAW compressive receivers. Sens. Actuators A: Phys. 244, 277–284 (2016). ISSN 0924-4247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jin, C., Cho, S.H.: A robust baseband demodulator for ISO 18000-6C RFID reader systems. Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 8(9), 1–12 (2012). ISSN 1550-1477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Amin, M.S., Reaz, M.B.I., Jalil, J.: Design of a novel adder-less Barker matched filter for RFID. Int. J. Circuit Theory Appl. 42(3), 321–329 (2014). ISSN 1097-007XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liu, Y., Huang, C., Min, H., Li, G., Han, Y.: Digital correlation demodulator design for RFID reader receiver. In: Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, March 11th–15th, pp. 1666–1670. IEEE, Kowloon (2007). ISBN 1-4244-0658-7, ISSN 1525-3511Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Angerer, C.: A digital receiver architecture for RFID readers. In: International Symposium on Industrial Embedded Systems, June 11th–13th, pp. 97–102. IEEE, Le Grande Motte (2008). ISBN 978-1-4244-1994-4, ISSN 2150-3109Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xi, L., Cho, S.H.: A RFID decoder using a matched filter for compensation of the frequency variation. In: 5th International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing, Beijing, China, 24th–26th September, pp. 1–5 (2009). ISBN 978-1-4244-3693-4, ISSN 2161-9654Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Department of Multimedia and Information-Communication TechnologiesUniversity of ŽilinaŽilinaSlovakia
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Department of Control and Information SystemsUniversity of ŽilinaŽilinaSlovakia

Personalised recommendations