Wetland Restoration in China: Principles, Techniques, and Practices

  • Shuqing AnEmail author
  • Xuanbo Zhang
  • Siyuan Song
  • Hui Zhao
  • Nasreen Jeelani
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 238)


Wetlands are important natural resources, and their importance has gradually been appreciated worldwide. Between 1970 and 2015, about 35% of the world’s natural wetlands has been lost. Due to reclamation, pollution, and unwise use, China’s wetland resources are facing enormous threats and challenges. In this context, wetland restoration has become an important approach to mitigate their degradation and maintain their ecosystem services. Restoring the damaged wetlands is important for generating a more esthetical environment, regulating the climate, and protecting biodiversity. This chapter summarizes the status quo, conservation, and restoration progress of wetlands in China; proposes an action plan for wetland restoration in line with China’s national conditions; proposes the principles, technologies, and practices for the restoration of riverine wetlands, lake wetlands, and rural wetlands by three typical wetland restoration procedures; and indicates the development direction of different types of wetland restoration.

The chapter also points out the challenges for wetland restoration in China; it puts forward the innovative concept of “small wetlands,” introduces their ecological value, and gives guidance for small wetlands restoration, which supplements wetland conservation to a general extent. This chapter could provide theoretical support and could serve as a reference for wetland restoration all over the world.


Wetland restoration River wetlands Lake wetlands Rural wetlands Small wetlands Restoration guideline Restoration approach 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuqing An
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Xuanbo Zhang
    • 2
  • Siyuan Song
    • 1
  • Hui Zhao
    • 2
  • Nasreen Jeelani
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanjing UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Nanjing University Ecological Research Institute of ChangshuChangshuPeople’s Republic of China

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