History of Military Ophthalmology

  • Andrew S. Pan
  • Brett W. Davies


Before the Revolutionary War, military physicians without specialized ophthalmic training provided care for injuries involving the eyes and orbit. With advances in technology and medicine, specialized training programs for ophthalmology were established. In 1896, The American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology (AAOO) was founded as a distinct medical association for ophthalmologists and otolaryngologists. In 1979, The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) split from the AAOO, establishing ophthalmology as a separate specialty.


Military Ophthalmology History Military physician Eye injury 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew S. Pan
    • 1
  • Brett W. Davies
    • 2
  1. 1.CAPT MC, US Air Force, Mike O’Callaghan Military Medical CenterNellis AFBUSA
  2. 2.LTC, MC, US Air Force, Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryWilford Hall Eye Center/Brooke Army Medical Center, Department of OphthalmologyFort Sam HoustonUSA

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