Undoing International Peacebuilding from Below?

  • Roberto BelloniEmail author
Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)


Since the early 2010s, a wave of protests advancing social, economic and political demands has erupted throughout the Balkans. The protesters have generally not attacked values cherished by the EU, such as democracy and economic modernization; rather, they have demanded that these values be implemented by taking citizens’ needs into account. They have offered a ‘counter-transition’ to the endless peacebuilding process involving a ruinous interconnection of ethno-national politics and neoliberal restructuring. In dissecting these dynamics, this chapter focuses on the case of Bosnia-Herzegovina, which is particularly significant both because Bosnians have long been identified as passive and apathetic and because this country experienced in 2014 the most important social upheaval in the region. It concludes with an analysis of the international actor’s disappointing response to citizens’ demands.


Social movements Citizen activism Domestic agency 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Social ResearchUniversity of TrentoTrentoItaly

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