The Evolution of Peacebuilding

  • Roberto BelloniEmail author
Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)


Since the mid-1990s onwards, peacebuilding in the Balkans evolved through three main phases. In the first phase, the international community intervened to pursue a radical reform agenda aimed at restructuring political, economic and social life along liberal lines. In the second phase, starting from the early 2000s, the European Union (EU) began to play an increasingly prominent role. Through its promise of future membership, the EU put forward a method of intervention based not so much on external imposition, but on domestic participation and responsibility. By the early 2010s, a third phase has begun. Marginalized groups such as the youth and the unemployed have acquired a more visible presence within the peacebuilding process, in particular by protesting against the implementation of liberal policies. Peacebuilding moved from one phase to the other not based on success, but on failure.


Peacebuilding Balkans European Union 


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Social ResearchUniversity of TrentoTrentoItaly

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