Trust and Indirect Reports

  • Mostafa Morady Moghaddam
Part of the Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology book series (PEPRPHPS, volume 21)


Everyday interaction is replete with situations where individuals must decide whether they should trust their conversation partner. In this chapter, the concepts of trust and mistrust are discussed and it is argued how they are conceptualised in indirect reporting. It is examined that trust and sensitivity to misinformation can be regulated on the basis of both social and cognitive characteristics. As related to the social aspect, two perspectives can be effective in the formation of trust: social stratification (macro features) and social relations (micro features). Regarding the cognitive features underlying trust, individuals must decide whether they should trust others and take risks, or rather, be more sensitive, searching for cues and clues to ensure that the conversation partner is trustworthy. Trust is not just an individual trait, something that is only regulated by cognitive factors. Trust can be interpreted based on discursive as well as conventional rules. In this regard, this chapter distinguishes between ‘trust 1’ and ‘trust 2’. The indirect reporter’s revealing of someone else’s utterances indicates that s/he is trying to consider a third party as evidence for the reporter’s trustworthiness. Indirect reporting can be considered a type of self-disclosure, where the reporter shares some personal experiences with someone else (the hearer). And lastly, ‘mutual trust’ and how it is shaped during indirect reports are explored.


Debilitative risk Doubt Facilitative risk Mistrust Risk-taking Trust 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mostafa Morady Moghaddam
    • 1
  1. 1.Shahrood University of TechnologyShahroodIran

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