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E-Waste Management from Macroscopic to Microscopic Scale

  • Chukwudi O. OnwosiEmail author
  • Victor C. Igbokwe
  • Tochukwu N. Nwagu
  • Joyce N. Odimba
  • Charles O. Nwuche
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 33)

Abstract

Increased demand for electrical and electronic equipment as well as a reduction in the end of life of most electrical products has led to the generation of large amount of E-waste. These wastes contain both beneficial and hazardous components. Therefore, there should be proper management of E-waste in order to protect man and the environment. In this review, we addressed the various categories deployed towards effective E-waste management such as collection and disposal of dangerous portions and recovery of precious metals and energy. The benefits, challenges and future of E-waste management were also highlighted.

Keywords

E-waste Recycling A printed wiring board Precious metals Material flow analysis Life cycle assessment Metallurgy Heavy metals Plastic Extended producer responsibility 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chukwudi O. Onwosi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Victor C. Igbokwe
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tochukwu N. Nwagu
    • 1
  • Joyce N. Odimba
    • 1
    • 2
  • Charles O. Nwuche
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological SciencesUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria
  2. 2.Bioconversion and Renewable Energy Research UnitUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria

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