Recycling Challenges for Electronic Consumer Products to E-Waste: A Developing Countries’ Perspective

  • Patricia Guarnieri
  • Lúcio Camara e Silva
  • Lúcia Helena Xavier
  • Gisele Lorena Diniz Chaves
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 33)


Recycling and sustainable development issues are increasing in importance around the world. This aspect is more prominent in developing countries, in which there are many informal recycling activities and few environmental legislations regulating waste management. This chapter discusses the recycling challenges regarding the adoption of e-waste reverse logistics under the perspective of developing countries. For this purpose, we gathered information from papers published in international databases and reports such as the United Nations Environment Programme and Global e-waste Monitor, thus identifying data available to American countries (Brazil, Argentina, Chile and Mexico), South Africa and Asian countries (China, India, Russia, Indonesia, Turkey, Pakistan, South Korea, Thailand and Singapore). As key findings we can point out the categorization of the barriers into financial/economics, environmental, market related, legal, policy related, management, knowledge related and technical and technological related. As main contributions of this chapter, we can highlight (i) the compilation of information related to recycling challenges of e-waste in developing countries, and (ii) the identification of some solutions and actions to overcome these barriers is also performed, which can be useful for practitioners and researchers in this field.


Circular economy Developing countries E-waste Electronic residues Reconditioning Recycling challenges Reverse logistics Residues revalorization Urban mining Waste management 



The authors are grateful to the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development for their support (process number: 406263/2016-7).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricia Guarnieri
    • 1
  • Lúcio Camara e Silva
    • 2
  • Lúcia Helena Xavier
    • 3
  • Gisele Lorena Diniz Chaves
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Economics, Administration, Accounting and Public Policies ManagementUniversity of BrasiliaBrasiliaBrazil
  2. 2.Management Engineering Department, CDSID – Center for Decision Systems and Information DevelopmentFederal University of PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  3. 3.Centre for Mineral Technology (CETEM)Rio de JaneiroBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Engineering and TechnologyFederal University of Espírito SantoVitóriaBrazil

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