Building and Developing HaMesika Park: From Resistance to Collaboration
At a time when it was unusual in Israel for a group of residents to organize a grassroots campaign against a municipal decision about urban planning—and triumph—something even more uncommon occurred in Jerusalem: three students from the Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design Jerusalem instigated the first steps for such a campaign and launched important actions that contributed greatly to the establishment of a green park where a four-lane highway had been approved. Route 34 was slated to be paved along the route of the old railway from Jerusalem to Tel Aviv, and thence through the Pat and Gonen neighborhoods at the outskirts of the Talpiot industrial zone, the Mekor Hayim neighborhood, and Emek Refaim Street. The joint initiative, launched by the Garin Dvash (Honey Group) of the Society for Protection of Nature and the Keshet School, ended with the halting of the urban plan to pave the new road and the construction of a park along the railway tracks—dubbed the Railway Park. The park has turned this inter-urban nexus into one of the most challenging connections within one of the most divided cities in Israel and beyond.
- Alman, R. (2011, June 21). Mynet. Retrieved November 30, 2018, from Watch: Katamon Children’s Protest Video http://www.mynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-4084163,00.html [In Hebrew].
- de Certeau, M. (2012). Inventing the Daily: Arts and Crafts. Tel Aviv: Resling. [In Hebrew].Google Scholar
- Debord, G. (1970). The Society of the Spectacle. London: Black & Red.Google Scholar
- Eli, Y. (2011, June 14). “UP” in Jerusalem: Katamon Children Are Making the Wall Go Away. NRG. Retrieved from http://www.nrg.co.il/online/54/ART2/250/020.html [In Hebrew].
- Firat, B. Ö., & Kuryel, A. (2010). Introduction. In B. Ö. Firat & A. Kuryel (Eds.), Cultural Activism: Practices, Dilemmas, and Possibilities (pp. 9–20). Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi.Google Scholar
- Foucault, M. (1967). Of Other Spaces: Utopias and Heterotopias. Retrieved November, from http://web.mit.edu/allanmc/www/foucault1.pdf
- Graeber, D. (2002). The New Anarchists. New Left Review, 13, 61–73.Google Scholar
- Hasson, N. (2011, June 14). The Residents of Katamon Protest Wall Between Them and Mekor Haim Neighborhood. Haaretz. [In Hebrew].Google Scholar
- Hasson, N. (2013a, June 26). Supreme Court to Hear Petition of Residents of Beit Safafa Against Road that Would Bisect Village. Haaretz. [In Hebrew].Google Scholar
- Hasson, N. (2013b, June 22). The Hedgehog that, in Its Death, Decreed a Greener Life for Jerusalemites. Haaretz. [In Hebrew].Google Scholar
- Jordan, J. (2002). The Art of Necessity: The Subversive Imagination of Anti-Road Protest and Reclaim the Streets. In S. Duncombe (Ed.), Cultural Resistance Reader (pp. 347–357). London: Verso.Google Scholar
- Kol Hazman. (2008, November 27). “Hedgehog Trail” Is Inaugurated. NRG. Retrieved from http://www.nrg.co.il/online/54/ART1/817/609.html [In Hebrew].
- Lefebvre, H. (1996). The Right to the City. In E. Kofman & E. Lebas (Eds.), Writings on Cities (pp. 147–159). Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Levine, A., Maiers, O., Toledano, A., Zmora, T., Waksmanm, Y., Cohen, N., et al. (2011, June 15). Me’iphim at Hahomah (“Making the Wall Go Away)”, A. & Course, Producer, & Bezalel Academy of Art & Design. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uIMMuPOT8jQ
- Levine, S. K. (2011). Art Opens to World: Expressive Arts and Social Action. In E. Levine & S. K. Levine (Eds.), Art in Action-Expressive Arts Therapy and Social Change (pp. 21–30). London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.Google Scholar
- Mendel, R. (2011, June 24). A Wall Runs Through It: Who Doesn’t Want the Children of the Katamonim. Ynet. Retrieved from http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-4086729,00.html [In Hebrew].
- Peleg-Rotem, H. (2006, September 10). A Boost for Jerusalem: International Design Competition for the Bezalel Campus at the Russian Compound. Globes. [In Hebrew].Google Scholar
- Purcell, M. (2002). Excavating Lefebvre: The Right to the City and Its Urban Politics of the Inhabitant. Geo Journal, 58(2–3), 99–108.Google Scholar
- Scott, J. C. (1985). Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Siegel, Y. (2011, January). Community Cooperation and Social Solidarity: A Case Study of Community Initiated Strategic Planning. Thesis submitted for Doctor of Philosophy, University of Sussex, Sussex.Google Scholar
- Yaacobson, M. (2011, August 14). This Is Not How to Build a Campus. Xnet. Retrieved from http://xnet.ynet.co.il/architecture/articles/0,14710,L-3086765,00.html [In Hebrew].