Internet of Things (IoT)

  • Lina Khalid


The origin of the Internet of Things dates back to Kevin Ashton in 1999. Ashton is an innovator and consumer sensor expert who describes the IoT as a network that connects objects in the physical world to the Internet; but this definition is still seen as odd. In the twenty-first century, computers can sense things for themselves, for example, GPS-based location sensing. This chapter describes the architecture of IoT with its basic characteristics. Two qualities of IoT with their QAS’s will be defined: interoperability and modifiability.

DYAMAND, a case study for IoT, will be explained in detail to solve the interoperability problem. Its requirements and architecture will be described in detail.

What makes the content of this chapter different from other IoT books is that it takes the software architecture’s point of view, and that is the main core for this book.


Internet of Things Interoperability Modifiability DYAMAND Microkernel pattern Component configurator pattern Quality model 


  1. K. Patel, S. Patel, Internet of Things-IOT: definition, characteristics, architecture, enabling technologies, and application & future challenges. IJESC (2016).
  2. An introduction to the internet of things by Lopez, 2013.
  3. On line training from SEIGoogle Scholar
  4. On line training from course areaGoogle Scholar
  5. M. Kim, A quality model for evaluating IoT applications, Department of Computer Science, Soongsil University, Seoul, Korea. IJECE (2016). Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Ashton K (2017), ‘Making Sense of IoT”Google Scholar
  2. A. Bassi et al., Evaluating Things to Talk Designing IoT Solutions with IoT Architectural Reference Model (eBook Springer, Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London, 2013). ISBN 978-3-642-40402-3 ISBN 978-3-642-40403-0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. J. Tan, S. Koo, Survey of technologies in internet of things, in IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems, (2014). Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lina Khalid
    • 1
  1. 1.AmmanJordan

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