• Michael KrosinEmail author


Typically, international work will take place in a setting with different resources from one’s home country and in unfamiliar medical and cultural environments. This combination presents ethical considerations one should be aware of prior to embarking and includes patient-centered issues of safety and culture, host country physician issues, host country systems issues, and the special situations of either disaster relief or investigative research.


  1. 1.
    The Belmont Report. Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research. 1979. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Accessed 1 July 2012.

Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OrthopedicsAlameda Health SystemOaklandUSA

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