Tropical Diseases and Orthopedics

  • Richard A. GosselinEmail author
  • Stephen W. Bickler
  • Ali A. Ahmed Al-Iedan


Some musculoskeletal diseases and conditions are seen almost exclusively in tropical environments. This is due to the tropical climate but also to associated conditions such as poverty, malnutrition, or overcrowding [1, 2]. Although “tropical medicine” is often considered synonymous with “tropical infection,” a broader scope includes all ill effects on health from exposure to a tropical environment. The majority of western surgeons will have had little exposure to most of these conditions during their training.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard A. Gosselin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stephen W. Bickler
    • 2
  • Ali A. Ahmed Al-Iedan
    • 3
  1. 1.San Francisco General Hospital, Institute for Global Orthopedics and TraumatologySan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric Surgery, Rady Children’s HospitalUniversity of California San DiegoSan DiegoUSA
  3. 3.Department of OrthopadicsBasrah General HospitalBasrahIraq

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