Safety Message Propagation Using Vehicle-Infrastructure Cooperation in Urban Vehicular Networks

  • Xiaolan Tang
  • Zhi Geng
  • Wenlong ChenEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 268)


A soaring number of vehicles in modern cities bring in complicated urban transportation and severe safety risks. After a traffic accident occurs, how to quickly disseminate this alert to other vehicles is very important to avoid rear-end collision and traffic jam. Existing studies mainly use the vehicles travelling in the same direction as the collision vehicles to forward safety messages, which strictly limit the performance improvements. In this paper, we propose a safety message propagation scheme using vehicle-infrastructure cooperation in urban vehicular networks, named SMP. On straight roads, the opposite-lane front vehicles help to relay data when no further collision-lane back vehicles exist, while at intersections, the deployed roadside units create new safety messages with updated dissemination parameters and distribute them in the upstream lanes. The collaboration of vehicles in two directions and roadside units enhances the performances of safety-related applications. Besides, three checking policies are designed to avoid transmission failures and hence save network resources. Simulation experiments show that SMP achieves a high reception ratio and a short propagation delay.


Urban vehicular networks Safety message Vehicle-infrastructure cooperation Roadside units Transmission checking 


  1. 1.
    Ali, G.G.M.N., Noor-A-Rahim, M., Chong, P.H.J., Guan, Y.L.: Analysis and improvement of reliability through coding for safety message broadcasting in urban vehicular networks. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 67(8), 6774–6787 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bi, Y., Zhou, H., Zhuang, W., Zhao, H.: Safety Message Broadcast in Vehicular Networks. Springer, Heidelberg (2017). Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dinh, N., Kim, Y.: Information-centric dissemination protocol for safety information in vehicular ad-hoc networks. Wirel. Netw. 23(5), 1359–1371 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ghandour, A.J., Fawaz, K., Artail, H., Felice, M.D., Bononi, L.: Improving vehicular safety message delivery through the implementation of a cognitive vehicular network. Ad Hoc Netw. 11(8), 2408–2422 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gupta, N., Prakash, A., Tripathi, R.: Adaptive beaconing in mobility aware clustering based MAC protocol for safety message dissemination in VANET. Wirel. Commun. Mob. Comput. 2017(1246172), 1–15 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hafeez, K.A., Zhao, L., Ma, B., Mark, J.W.: Performance analysis and enhancement of the DSRC for VANET’s safety applications. IEEE Trans. veh. Technol. 62(7), 3069–3083 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hassanabadi, B., Valaee, S.: Reliable periodic safety message broadcasting in vanets using network coding. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 13(3), 1284–1297 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kenney, J.B.: Dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) standards in the United States. Proc. IEEE 99(7), 1162–1182 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Keranen, A., Ott, J., Karkkainen, T.: The ONE simulator for DTN protocol evaluation. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Simulation Tools and Techniques (SIMUTools). ACM, Rome, 2–6 March 2009Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Khan, F.A.: Safety-message routing in vehicular ad hoc networks. Technical report, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA (2013)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li, M., Zeng, K., Lou, W.: Opportunistic broadcast of event-driven warning messages in vehicular ad hoc networks with lossy links. Comput. Netw. 55(10), 2443–2464 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Omar, H.A., Lu, N., Zhuang, W.: Wireless access technologies for vehicular network safety applications. IEEE Netw. 30(4), 22–26 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pan, B., Wu, H.: Analysis of safety messages delivery in vehicular networks with interconnected roadside units. IEEE Access 1, 1–10 (2017). Scholar
  14. 14.
    Piao, J., McDonald, M., Hounsell, N.: Cooperative vehicle-infrastructure systems for improving driver information services: an analysis of COOPERS test results. IET Intell. Transp. Syst. 6(1), 9–17 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rezgui, J., Cherkaoui, S.: About deterministic and non-deterministic vehicular communications over DSRC/802.11p. Wirel. Commun. Mob. Comput. 14(15), 1435–1449 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sun, G., Zhang, Y., Liao, D., Yu, H., Du, X., Guizani, M.: Bus trajectory-based street-centric routing for message delivery in urban vehicular ad hoc networks. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 67(8), 7550–7563 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tang, X., Hong, D., Chen, W.: Data acquisition based on stable matching of bipartite graph in cooperative vehicle-infrastructure systems. Sensors 17(6), 1–22 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tang, X., Pu, J., Cao, K., Zhang, Y., Xiong, Z.: Integrated extensible simulation platform for vehicular sensor networks in smart cities. Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 2012(4), 22–26 (2012)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tang, X., Pu, J., Gao, Y., Xie, Y., Xiong, Z.: GPS-based replica deletion scheme with anti-packet distribution for vehicular networks. Comput. J. 58(6), 1399–1415 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ucar, S., Ergen, S.C., Ozkasap, O.: Multihop-cluster-based IEEE 802.11p and LTE hybrid architecture for VANET safety message dissemination. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 65(4), 2621–2636 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang, X., et al.: Regular-hexagon-equilateral-triangle area grouping-based broadcast protocol for safety message in urban vehicular ad hoc networks. Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 13(1), 1550147716683829 (2017)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yin, X., Ma, X., Trivedi, K.S.: An interacting stochastic models approach for the performance evaluation of DSRC vehicular safety communication. IEEE Trans. Comput. 62(5), 873–885 (2013)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Information EngineeringCapital Normal UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations