Resilient Eco-Smart Strategies and Innovative Technologies to Protect Cultural Heritage

  • Anastasios DoulamisEmail author
  • Kyriakos Lambropoulos
  • Dimosthenis Kyriazis
  • Antonia Moropoulou
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 961)


In all parts of Europe Cultural Heritage represents a significant economic sector on which many communities depend. However, built CH artefacts are under continuous degradation from environmental and anthropological effects, and face significant risk of catastrophic damage from events such as flooding, earthquakes, storm and fires, which are themselves exacerbated by the impact of climate change. Action must be taken to manage these risks and mitigate their effect, however traditional approaches have been fragmented between different areas of expertise and disciplines, without regard to the combined effect of such uncoordinated interventions, leading to ineffective and often detrimental impact on the very assets they seek to protect.

Therefore, in this paper we propose a new holistic approach to the effective safeguarding and management of built CH artifacts through the provision of a decision support platform based upon interdisciplinary resilience modelling of current and future risks and interventions, monitoring and analysis of CH assets and natural hazards, creation of a semantic knowledge base and vulnerability, risk and cost modelling for planning and implementing intervention strategies.

The main goal of this research is to deliver an architecture that takes account of and supports mitigation of the inter-related impact of environmental, climatic and anthropogenic factors on such significant cultural heritage assets as are represented by the world heritage sites acting as primary use cases for the project. The economic impact of such interventions is also addressed, since the financial importance of tourism at these sites must be balanced with the cost of intervention to protect them whilst recognising the socio-economic benefits to be gained.


  1. 1.
    Makantasis, K., Doulamis, A., Doulamis, N., Ioannides, M.: In the wild image retrieval and clustering for 3D cultural heritage landmarks reconstruction. Multimed. Tools Appl. 75(7), 3593–3629 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kyriakaki, G., et al.: 4D reconstruction of tangible cultural heritage objects from web-retrieved images. Int. J. Heritage Digit. Era 3(2), 431–451 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ioannides, M., et al.: Online 4D reconstruction using multi-images available under open access. In: ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Saptial Information Sciences, II-5 W 1, pp. 169–174 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Doulamis, A., et al.: 5D modelling: an efficient approach for creating spatiotemporal predictive 3D maps of large-scale cultural resources. In: ISPRS Annals of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing & Spatial Information Sciences (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bonazza, A., Messina, P., Sabbioni, C., Grossi, C.M., Brimblecombe, P.: Mapping the impact of climate change on surface recession of carbonate buildings in Europe. Sci. Total Environ. 407, 2039–2050 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sabbioni, C., et al.: NOAH’S ARK (Global Climate Change Impact on Built Heritage and Cultural Landscape). Pr. ref: 501837 (2006)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Barbi, A., Monai, M., Racca, R., Rossa, A.M.: Recurring features of extreme autumnal rainfall events on the Veneto coastal area. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. 12, 2463–2477 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Santoro, F., Tonino, M., Torresan, S., Critto, A., Marcomini, A.: Involve to improve: a participatory approach for a decision support system for coastal climate change impacts assessment. North Adriatic Case Ocean Coastal Manage. 78, 101–111 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sabbioni, C., Brimblecombe, P., Cassar, M.: The Atlas of Climate Change Impact on European Cultural. Scientific Analysis and management strategies. Anthem Press, London (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bernardi, A., et al.: A methodology to monitor the pollution impact on historic buildings surfaces: the TeACH project. In: Ioannides, M., Fritsch, D., Leissner, J., Davies, R., Remondino, F., Caffo, R. (eds.) EuroMed 2012. LNCS, vol. 7616, pp. 765–775. Springer, Heidelberg (2012). Scholar
  11. 11.
    Brimblecombe, P.: Mapping heritage climatology. In: Bunnik, T., De Clercq, H., Van Hees, R., Schellen, H., Schueremans, L. (eds.) Effect of Climate Change on Cultural Heritage, pp. 18–30. WTA Publications, Pfaffenhofen (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zendri, E., et al.: The monitoring of architectural stone surface treatments: choice of the parameters and their threshold limit values in Southeast University of Nanjing, UNESCO, RLICC Leuven, Monumentenwacht Belgium. In: International Conference on Preventive Conservation Of Architectural Heritage, Nanjing, China, pp. 123–130. UNESCO Asia-Pacific World Heritage Training and Research (2011)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    European Flood Awareness System (EFAS).
  14. 14.
    EC’s Emergency Response Coordination Centre (ERCC)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    COPERNICUS Emergency Management Service.
  16. 16.
    Ntalianis, K., Doulamis, N.: An automatic event-complementing human life summarization scheme based on a social computing method over social media content. Multimed. Tools Appl. 75(22), 15123–15149 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Doulamis, N., Ntalianis, K.: On the fly semantic annotation and modelling of multimedia. In: 16th IEEE International Conference on Systems, Signals and Image Processing (2009)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Spala, P., Malamos, A.G., Doulamis, A., Mamakis, G.: Extending MPEG-7 for efficient annotation of complex web 3D scenes. Multimed. Tools Appl. 59(2), 463–504 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    EU CHIC (European Cultural Heritage Identity Card).
  20. 20.
    Sabeur, Z., Doulamis, N., Middleton, L., Arbab-Zavar, B., Correndo, G., Amditis, A.: Multi-modal computer vision for the detection of multi-scale crowd physical motions and behavior in confined spaces. In: Bebis, G., et al. (eds.) ISVC 2015. LNCS, vol. 9474, pp. 162–173. Springer, Cham (2015). Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kioussi, A., Labropoulos, K., Karoglou, M., Moropoulou, A., Zarnic, R.: Recommendations and strategies for the establishment of a guideline for monument documentation harmonized with the existing European standards and codes. J. Geoinf. FCE CTU 6, 178–184 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Verykokou, S., Ioannidis, C., Athanasiou, G., Doulamis, N., Amditis, A.: 3D reconstruction of disaster scenes for urban search and rescue. Multimed. Tools Appl. 77(8), 9691–9717 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anastasios Doulamis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kyriakos Lambropoulos
    • 1
  • Dimosthenis Kyriazis
    • 1
  • Antonia Moropoulou
    • 1
  1. 1.National Technical University of AthensZografouGreece

Personalised recommendations