Electroweak Force in the Early Universe

  • Wouter Schmitz
Part of the The Frontiers Collection book series (FRONTCOLL)


If we look at the zoo of particles and we compare them they suggest a certain structure. One thing that stands out is that some particles have a mass that does not differ much. When mass would be randomly determined for particles, the chance for two particles to have such a close mass is not great so something special must be going on. An example is the proton and the neutron. Their masses are:

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wouter Schmitz
    • 1
  1. 1.AmsterdamThe Netherlands

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