The Early Twentieth Century

  • Teresa Brawner Bevis


Before 1903, American colleges offered no foreign student support services. Matters pertaining to academic or social acculturation were most-often handled informally by sympathetic faculty, churches, the Boards of Mission, the YMCA, or helpful townspeople. An influx of students from China, a product of Teddy Roosevelt’s creative use of Boxer Rebellion indemnities, was adding to the rising foreign student population, elevating the need for services. Among the first organizations to offer support was the Association of Cosmopolitan Clubs of America. The Committee on Friendly Relations Among Foreign Students, founded in 1911, provided the first foreign student census, and a platform for articles related to education exchange. The Institute of International Education began its operations in 1919. The International House in New York City, which opened in 1928 through the generosity of John D. Rockefeller Jr., would be the first of many foreign student centers.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teresa Brawner Bevis
    • 1
  1. 1.FayettevilleUSA

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