Deontological Ethics: Exposition
The topic of this and the following chapter is deontological ethics (D). This chapter is concerned with characterizing it, and the next with assessing it. More specifically, in this chapter I argue that the different deontological theories take their point of departure from common-sense morality (CSM) and are as many attempts to elaborate, systematize, and justify that morality. As the characteristic features of deontological theories are inherited from CSM, I focus on the nature of the latter: what are its distinguishing features, and how are they to be explained?