Smart Equity: An Australian Lens on the Need to Measure Distributive Justice
This chapter reviews ideas on the multidimensional measurement of wellbeing from economics, and proposes that smart cities must include equity as an important dimension of performance. A city, in order to be smart, should have equitable distributions of opportunities and outcomes driving overall system performance on efficiency, productivity, resilience, or sustainability.
KeywordsSmart cities Social Equity Infrastructure Growth Spatial justice.
The author would like to thank her 45 students and 2 tutors, Catherine Gilbert and Carolina Rodriguez, of the 2017 Urban Data and Science of Cities unit of study at The University of Sydney. The major assessment that the students worked on was to critique, redesign and extend the indicator set proposed on the National Cities Performance Framework, with a specific equity focus. The author would like to thank the entire team and acknowledges the stimulating discussions in class.
- Alizadeh, T., Farid, R., & Sarkar, S. (2018). Towards understanding the socioeconomic patterns of sharing economy in Australia: An investigation of Airbnb listings in the Sydney and Melbourne metropolitan regions. Urban Policy and Research. https://doi.org/10.1080/08111146.2018.1460269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Australian Government (2016a) Smart Cities Plan, Department of the Prime Minister and the cabinet.Google Scholar
- Australian Government. (2016b). National cities performance framework, smart cities plan. Department of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.Google Scholar
- Dowling, R., McGuirk, P., & Maalsen, S. (2018) Realising smart cities: Partnerships and economic development in the emergence and practice of smart in Newcastle, Australia, Inside smart cities (pp. 33–47). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Foster, J., & Sen, A. (1997). On economic inequality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Sarkar, S. (2018). Urban scaling and the geographic concentrations of inequality by city size. Environment and Planning B, early access online: 2399808318766070.Google Scholar
- Sarkar, S., Phibbs, P., Simpson, R., & Wasnik, S. (2018a). The scaling of income distribution in Australia: Possible relationships between urban allometry, city size, and economic inequality. Environment and Planning B, 45(4), 603–622.Google Scholar
- Sarkar, S., Wu, H., & Levinson, D. (2018b). Measuring polycentricity via network flows, spatial interaction, and percolation. Working paper pre-print: http://hdl.handle.net/2123/18792
- Sen, A. (1992). Inequality reexamined. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Stiglitz, J. E., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J.-P. (2010). Mismeasuring our lives: Why the GDP does not add up. New York: New Press.Google Scholar
- Townsend, A. M. (2013). Smart cities: Big data, civic hackers, and the quest for a new utopia. New York: WW Norton & Company.Google Scholar