The Multiscale Architectures of Fish Bone and Tessellated Cartilage and Their Relation to Function

  • Ronald Seidel
  • Aravind K. Jayasankar
  • Ron Shahar
  • Mason N. DeanEmail author
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 282)


When describing the architecture and ultrastructure of animal skeletons, introductory biology, anatomy and histology textbooks typically focus on the few bone and cartilage types prevalent in humans. In reality, cartilage and bone are far more diverse in the animal kingdom, particularly within fishes, where cartilage and bone types exist that are characterized by features that are anomalous or even pathological in human skeletons. Here, we discuss the curious and complex architectures of fish bone and shark and ray cartilage, highlighting similarities and differences with their mammalian skeletal tissue counterparts. By synthesizing older anatomical literature with recent high-resolution structural and materials characterization work, we frame emerging pictures of form-function relationships in these tissues and of the evolution and true diversity of cartilage and bone.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald Seidel
    • 1
  • Aravind K. Jayasankar
    • 1
  • Ron Shahar
    • 2
  • Mason N. Dean
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BiomaterialsMax Planck Institute of Colloids and InterfacesPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences, Koret School of Veterinary MedicineThe Hebrew University of JerusalemRehovotIsrael

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